OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Neottia bifolia   FAMILY Orchidaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Listera australis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-04-003:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ophrys australis

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Twayblade


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Neottia bifolia, Southern Twayblade

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_opau6_001_lvd

        

image of Neottia bifolia, Southern Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jafl_australis

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Its two opposing oval leaves are set about a third of the way up the stem, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Neottia bifolia, Southern Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaflaustralis_2050315

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

This plant is often overlooked because of its size and color, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Neottia bifolia, Southern Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaflisteraau_close050315

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

The half-inch flowers usually reddish-purple, pinkish, or purplish-green, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Neottia bifolia, Southern Twayblade

JK Marlow    jkm100313_232

March    Grady County    GA

Wolf Creek Preserve

A single pair of sessile ovate leaves on the stem, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Neottia bifolia   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Listera australis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-04-003:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ophrys australis

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2141

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere

Habitat: swamps, second terraces in floodplain forests, wet woods under Rhododendron maximum, Coastal Plain bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pinkish/ Purplish-green
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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