OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-04-003:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ophrys australis

SYNONYMOUS WITH -
Neottia bifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Twayblade


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Listera australis, Southern Twayblade

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_opau6_001_lvd

        

image of Listera australis, Southern Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jafl_australis

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Its two opposing oval leaves are set about a third of the way up the stem, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera australis, Southern Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaflaustralis_2050315

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

This plant is often overlooked because of its size and color, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera australis, Southern Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaflisteraau_close050315

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

The half-inch flowers usually reddish-purple, pinkish, or purplish-green, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera australis, Southern Twayblade

JK Marlow    jkm100313_232

March    Grady County    GA

Wolf Creek Preserve

A single pair of sessile ovate leaves on the stem, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-04-003:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ophrys australis

SYNONYMOUS WITH -
Neottia bifolia

 

Find by scientific name:

2141

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in swamps, second terraces in floodplain forests, wet woods under Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a more detailed map from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Herbarium,

or click here to see a map from SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pinkish/ Purplish-green
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


Find by scientific name: