Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2141

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in swamps, second terraces in floodplain forests, wet woods under Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pinkish/ Purplish-green
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-04-003:
Listera australis   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Neottia bifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Ophrys australis

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Twayblade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Listera australis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_opau6_001_lvd

        

image of Listera australis

Jim Fowler    jafl_australis

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Its two opposing oval leaves are set about a third of the way up the stem, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera australis

Jim Fowler    jaflaustralis_2050315

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

This plant is often overlooked because of its size and color, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera australis

Jim Fowler    jaflisteraau_close050315

March    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

The half-inch flowers usually reddish-purple, pinkish, or purplish-green, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera australis

JK Marlow    jkm100313_232

March    Grady County    GA

Wolf Creek Preserve

A single pair of sessile ovate leaves on the stem, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.