Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may enjoy reading Orchids of the Francis Marion National Forest by Jim Fowler.
Learn more about Spring Ladies'-tresses from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 26 (2002)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-12-007:
Spiranthes vernalis FAMILY Orchidaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Keith Bradley kab_s_vernalis_72964
March Miami-Dade County FL
Everglades National Park
Inflorescence very narrow, upper part of the stem normally quite hairy, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Jim Fowler jafsvernalis_2001
June Pickens County SC
Unique in its orange/brown spots on lip & pointed hairs on stem & flowers, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History (Fowler, 2005).
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 26
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Common in Coastal Plain (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p398
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast (Cotterman, Waitt, & Weakley, 2019) p074
- Wildflowers of the Eastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1999) p177
- Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia (Chafin, 2016) p406
- Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History (Fowler, 2005) p216
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p407
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998) p028
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