Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


217

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist forests, clearings, old fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Leaf consists of a mostly bipinnate sterile blade & a fertile panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Ophioglossoid Ferns (eusporangiate ferns): Ophioglossales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sceptridium biternatum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Botrychium biternatum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 006-01-004:
Botrychium biternatum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

LESS THAN Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003)
Botrychium dissectum

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Grapefern


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

JK Marlow    jkm150822_840

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Sterile blade mostly 2-pinnate, the segments sharply serrulate, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

JK Marlow    jkm150822_840b

August    Oconee County    SC

Brasstown Creek Heritage Preserve

Marginal teeth finer and more uniform than in B. dissectum, per The Ferns and Lycophytes of Texas.

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

Rusty Wilson    fkw_grapefern_1

September    Greenwood County    SC

Ninety Six National Historic Site

Fertile stalk arising near base of stipe or sometimes below ground level, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

Rusty Wilson    fkw_grapefern_4

September    Greenwood County    SC

Ninety Six National Historic Site

Sporangia on branching segments at upper end of the fertile stalkFGFG

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

Rusty Wilson    fkw_grapefern_6

September    Greenwood County    SC

Ninety Six National Historic Site

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

JK Marlow    jkm0309u_04

September    Greenville County    SC

Blade composed of a sterile portion & an erect fertile ...panicle, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

JK Marlow    jkm0310f_24

October    Greenville County    SC

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

JK Marlow    jkm0310f_27

October    Greenville County    SC

Sporangia sessile, around 1mm in diameter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

JK Marlow    jkm0310f_31

October    Greenville County    SC

picture of Botrychium biternatum, image of Sceptridium biternatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmb_biternatum

October        

Leaves usually one per season, sometimes more, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.