Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 11 taxa in the family Ophioglossaceae, Adder's-tongue family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rattlesnake Fern, Sang-find
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Botrypus virginianus   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Botrychium virginianum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Botrychium virginianum 006-01-001   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in a wide range of fairly dry, mesic, and wet forests, cove forests, especially in nutrient-rich, moist bottomlands and slopes

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cutleaf Grapefern, Dissected Grapefern
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sceptridium dissectum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Botrychium dissectum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Botrychium dissectum 006-01-003   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, clearings, old fields

Common (rare in Coastal Plain of NC, SC, GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Grapefern
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sceptridium biternatum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Botrychium biternatum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Botrychium biternatum 006-01-004   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, clearings, old fields

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Winter Grapefern
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Sceptridium lunarioides   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Botrychium lunarioides   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Botrychium lunarioides 006-01-006   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in old fields, pastures, young forests, granitic flatrocks, juniper-oak-blue ash woodlands over limestone

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Botrychium matricariifolium, Daisyleaf Moonwort need picture of leaf or frond of Botrychium matricariifolium, Daisyleaf Moonwort need picture of flower of Botrychium matricariifolium, Daisyleaf Moonwort need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Botrychium matricariifolium, Daisyleaf Moonwort need picture of fruit of Botrychium matricariifolium, Daisyleaf Moonwort
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speaker icon Common Name: Daisyleaf Moonwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Botrychium matricariifolium   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Botrychium matricariifolium   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in dry to moist forests (often successional), old fields, grassy balds, northern hardwood forests

Rare in NC

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Botrychium simplex var. simplex, Least Moonwort need picture of leaf or frond of Botrychium simplex var. simplex, Least Moonwort need picture of flower of Botrychium simplex var. simplex, Least Moonwort need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Botrychium simplex var. simplex, Least Moonwort need picture of fruit of Botrychium simplex var. simplex, Least Moonwort
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speaker icon Common Name: Least Moonwort
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Botrychium simplex var. simplex   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Botrychium simplex   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed gravelly areas in spruce-fir forests, northern hardwoods forests, grassy balds

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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Common Name: Bulbous Adder's-tongue, Dwarf Adder's Tongue
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ophioglossum crotalophoroides   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Ophioglossum crotalophoroides var. crotalophoroides   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ophioglossum crotalophoroides 006-02-001   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in moist ditch banks, grassy roadside flats, lawns, cemeteries

Rare (or overlooked) north of Georgia Coastal Plain, where it is uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Slender Adder's-tongue
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Ophioglossum nudicaule   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ophioglossum nudicaule   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ophioglossum nudicaule 006-02-002   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in lawns and other moist, grassy areas

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Longstem Adder's-tongue, Stalked Adder's-tongue Fern, Longstem Adder's-tongue
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ophioglossum petiolatum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ophioglossum petiolatum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ophioglossum petiolatum 006-02-003   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in maritime wet grasslands, moist ditch banks, and grassy roadside flats

Rare or overlooked north of Georgia

Non-native? Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Adder's-tongue
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ophioglossum pycnostichum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Ophioglossum vulgatum   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pycnostichum 006-02-004   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, moist loamy soils of successional forests and old fields

Uncommon (or overlooked) in Mountains & Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Engelmann's Adder's-tongue, Limestone Adder's-tongue
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ophioglossum engelmannii   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ophioglossum engelmannii   FAMILY: Ophioglossaceae

 

Look for it in dry barrens and glades over calcareous rocks, very rarely on granite

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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"Purple (botanically speaking) is a dreadfully abused term which is made to stand for half the rainbow; it means anything from crimson to violet." — F. Schuyler Mathews, Fieldbook of American Wild Flowers