Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


220

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide range of fairly dry, mesic, and wet forests, cove forests, especially in nutrient-rich, moist bottomlands and slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Leaf consists of a bipinnate to tripinnate sterile blade & a fertile panicle

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Ophioglossoid Ferns (eusporangiate ferns): Ophioglossales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Botrypus virginianus   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Botrychium virginianum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 006-01-001:
Botrychium virginianum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Rattlesnake Fern, Sang-find


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Botrypus virginianus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_bovi_001_lvd

        

image of Botrypus virginianus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_bovi_007_lvd

        

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm120330_258

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm060429_069

April    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Sterile blade reflexed to almost horizontal, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm080420_167

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm080420_169

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Fertile stalk appears in late spring-early summer, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm100422_042

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Botrypus virginianus

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmbvirginianum_and01

April    Anderson County    SC

Blade not circinate [that is, not coiled in a "fiddlehead" as many ferns are], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm100516_020

May    Greenville County    SC

The common stalk, below where sterile blade & sporophore diverge, 4-8" long, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm150508_952

May    Union County    GA

Sosebee Cove

image of Botrypus virginianus

Tim Spira    tps_bvirginianus_fertile

May        

Sporangia densely clustered on branching segments of fertile stalk, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

image of Botrypus virginianus

Tim Spira    tps_bvirginianus2

May        

Fertile stalk 20-40cm long, arising from base of blade, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

image of Botrypus virginianus

Gill Newberry    gn06_b_virginianum

June        

image of Botrypus virginianus

JK Marlow    jkm091006_003

October    Greenville County    SC

Sterile blade thin-textured, bright green, distinctly lacy-cut, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.