Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2233

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (or overlooked)

Look for it in bottomland forests, moist loamy soils of successional forests and old fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Leaf consists of a simple sterile blade & an erect, spike-like fertile segment

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Ophioglossoid Ferns (eusporangiate ferns): Ophioglossales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ophioglossum pycnostichum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ophioglossum vulgatum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 006-02-004:
Ophioglossum vulgatum var. pycnostichum   FAMILY Ophioglossaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Adder's-tongue


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ophioglossum pycnostichum

Don Lewis    tdl_1086

March?    Greenville County    SC

Firefly Forest

image of Ophioglossum pycnostichum

JK Marlow    jkm180408_1146

April    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

Sporangia fused together in two partially buried rows on erect stalk, per Ferns of the Smokies.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Adder's Mouth and Adder's Tongue

image of Ophioglossum pycnostichum

Roxanna Martin    rlm4211_44

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Ophioglossum pycnostichum

Roxanna Martin    rlm4910_047

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Blade is oval, rounded at top with broad, abruptly tapering base, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

image of Ophioglossum pycnostichum

Betsy George    bmg_39

May    Greenville County    SC

Ophioglossum's chromosome numbers are the highest known in all vascular plants, per Flora of North America.

image of Ophioglossum pycnostichum

JK Marlow    jkm110522_677

May    Greenville County    SC

Firefly Forest

Elusive, 4-10" tall, withering in midsummer, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.