Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


227

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Common

Look for it in cove forests, other mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Disc: Whitish/Greenish
Rays: Absent
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Dark brown/Blackish
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Arnoglossum reniforme   FAMILY Asteraceae__

(?) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arnoglossum reniforme   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 179-18-003:
Cacalia muhlenbergii   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Arnoglossum muehlenbergii

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Mesadenia reniformis

 

COMMON NAME:
Great Indian Plantain


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Cacalia muhlenbergii, image of Arnoglossum reniforme

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mere5_001_lvd

        

picture of Cacalia muhlenbergii, image of Arnoglossum reniforme

JK Marlow    jkm120330_290

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Green grooved [ribbed] stems (vs. C. atriplicifolia's glaucous round stems), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

picture of Cacalia muhlenbergii, image of Arnoglossum reniforme

JK Marlow    jkm120330_299

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaves palmately veined, reniform, shallowly lobed, dentate, petiolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Cacalia muhlenbergii, image of Arnoglossum reniforme

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_27

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

The very large, reniform leaves are conspicuous in rich cove forests, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Cacalia muhlenbergii, image of Arnoglossum reniforme

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_34

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Heads 5-flowered. Involucres cylindric, 7-10mm long, 3-4mm broad, bracts 5, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Cacalia muhlenbergii, image of Arnoglossum reniforme

JK Marlow    jkm090707_087

July    Avery County    NC

The Roan Highlands

Leaves green beneath [vs. glaucous in A. atriplicifolium], per Weakley's Flora.