Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2391

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in seepage bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Alternate, often also basal

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Rays: Yellow
Disc: Reddish-purple, brown, or yellow
Disc flowers bisexual/ Ray flowers sterile (lacking pistil and style)
Disc flowers five-lobed; ray flowers three-lobed
Disc flowers have 5 stamens
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Light brown
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Helenium brevifolium   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Helenium brevifolium   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 179-75-002:
Helenium brevifolium   FAMILY Asteraceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_h_brevifolium_3

May    Cherokee County    AL

Similar to H. flexuosum but has only 1-4 heads (vs many) & blooms earlier, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_helenium_brevifolium

May        

Similar to H. flexuosum but has few stem leaves and 5-lobed disk flowers, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0908

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Basal leaves present at flowering, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0910

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0911

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0913

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Basal leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, 3-8cm long, base attenuate, petiolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0914

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Disc flowers yellow or reddish, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210605_1117

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Stem leaves sessile with long, often very narrow, decurrent bases, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210605_1128

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Helenium brevifolium, Littleleaf Sneezeweed, Shortleaf Sneezeweed

JK Marlow    jkm210605_1134

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Disc flowers 5-lobed and with 5 stamens, per Weakley's Flora (2020).