Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2441

Shrub; Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC)

Look for it in maritime forests, dry sandy woodlands, sandhills in the outer Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Red
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped campanulate calyx
5-parted corolla, papilionaceous? but standard folded, flower appearing tubular
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-40-001:
Erythrina herbacea   FAMILY Fabaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Erythrina herbacea

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Erythrina arborea

 

COMMON NAME:
Coral Bean, Cardinal-spear


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Erythrina herbacea

Keith Bradley    kab_e_herbacea_06161

March    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Erythrina herbacea

Keith Bradley    kab_e_herbacea_07108

March    Miami-Dade County    FL

Flowers 1-4" long, tubular, borne perpendicular to axis of the erect stem, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Erythrina herbacea

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeherbacea_home1

April    Anderson County    SC

An erect, prickly, multistemmed, predominantly herbaceous perennial to 4.5', per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Erythrina herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm090516_076

May    Charleston County    SC

The 3 leaflets are hastate to widely deltate, occasionally prickly beneath, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound

image of Erythrina herbacea

Jerry Bright    jeb_072608_164

July    Berkeley-Charleston Counties    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Legume severely constricted between bright red seeds, splitting at maturity, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.