Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2482

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Common in NC Mountains, uncommon or rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Look for it in seepages, swamps, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple, divided or compound
Basal rosette & alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx/5 bracts
5 petals
25-35 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Geum vernum   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Geum vernum   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 097-07-005:
Geum vernum   FAMILY Rosaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Spring Avens


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Geum vernum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_geve_001_lvd

        

image of Geum vernum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_geve_004_lvd

        

image of Geum vernum

JK Marlow    jkm150423_629

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

1/4" yellowish flowers, with petals nearly as short as the reflexed sepals, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Geum vernum

JK Marlow    jkm150423_636

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Geum vernum

JK Marlow    jkm150423_640

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Head of achenes elevated above the calyx on a 1-2mm stipe, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Galium, Geum and Sanicula species

image of Geum vernum

JK Marlow    jkm150423_644

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Geum vernum

JK Marlow    jkm150423_645

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Most leaves dissected into pinnate segments that are deeply incised, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Geum vernum

JK Marlow    jkm160421_290

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

The presence of a stalk between the calyx and the achene head is diagnostic, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Geum vernum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmgvernum_swain1b

May    Swain County    NC

Similar to G. canadense but flowers are yellow or cream, about 0.3" wide, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.