OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Ilex coriacea   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex coriacea   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 112-01-010:
Ilex coriacea   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ilex coriacea

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Ilex coriacea, Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ilco_001_lvd

        

image of Ilex coriacea, Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_ilco_003_lvd

        

image of Ilex coriacea, Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmicoriacea_junkyard1

April    Clarendon County    SC

Pistillate flowers have ovaries and sterile stamens.

image of Ilex coriacea, Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry

Keith Bradley    kab_ilex_coriacea_7119

May    Lexington County    SC

Shealey's Pond Heritage Preserve

Lvs 1.5-3x long as wide (~2-3cm wide), entire or few marginal spinose prickles, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ilex coriacea, Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmicoriacea_steed1

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Staminate flowers have fertile stamens and lack ovaries.

image of Ilex coriacea, Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry

Will Stuart    wil_10800585184

November    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Stems on new growth of I. coriacea tend to be reddish (vs. older twigs gray). — Will Stuart

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Ilex coriacea   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex coriacea   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 112-01-010:
Ilex coriacea   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ilex coriacea

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2541

Shrub
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Habitat: pocosins, more restricted to wet, peaty sites than I. glabra, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Leaf margins entire or with a few irregularly spaced spinose prickles

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White/Greenish-white
Usually unisexual
5-7 merous
5-7 sepals
5-7 petals

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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