Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 17 taxa in the family Aquifoliaceae, Holly family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Holly, Christmas Holly
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ilex opaca   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex opaca var. opaca   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex opaca 112-01-001   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in a wide variety of forests, ranging from xeric to wetland

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dahoon, Cassena, Dahoon Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex cassine   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Ilex cassine var. cassine   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex cassine var. cassine 112-01-002a   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in blackwater stream swamps, pocosins, nearly always in very acid peaty or sandy sites

Common (uncommon in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Myrtle Holly, Myrtle-leaved Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex myrtifolia   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex myrtifolia   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex cassine var. myrtifolia 112-01-002b   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in limesink (doline) ponds, wet savannas

Common, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yaupon Holly, Yaupon
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex vomitoria   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex vomitoria   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex vomitoria 112-01-003   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in maritime forests, other dry sandy forests. Also, it is increasingly popular as an ornamental shrub, and is persistent or establishing in suburban woodlands

Common in Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere, where probably introduced)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Ilex decidua   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Ilex decidua   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex decidua var. decidua 112-01-004a   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in floodplain forests, less commonly on mesic (or even dry), upland slopes

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Georgia Holly, Chapman's Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex longipes   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex longipes   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex decidua var. longipes 112-01-004b   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain) (rare in NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Longstalk Holly, Cherry Holly
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Ilex collina   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex collina   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in peats of bogs and seepages, on banks of cold, high elevation streams (less commonly on moist, rocky slopes in northern hardwood forests or mixed spruce-hardwood forests) at moderate to high elevations (1100-1800m)

Rare (a Southern Appalachian endemic)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Cuthbert Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex cuthbertii   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex cuthbertii   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in upland circumneutral woodlands and forests

Rare, endemic to an area along the Fall Line in SC & adjacent GA

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Ilex amelanchier, Sarvis Holly need picture of leaf or frond of Ilex amelanchier, Sarvis Holly need picture of flower of Ilex amelanchier, Sarvis Holly need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Ilex amelanchier, Sarvis Holly need picture of fruit of Ilex amelanchier, Sarvis Holly
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Common Name: Sarvis Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex amelanchier   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex amelanchier   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex amelanchier 112-01-005   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it on banks of blackwater creeks and rivers, clay-based Carolina bays

Rare, endemic to the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Carolina Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex ambigua   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex ambigua   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex ambigua var. ambigua 112-01-006a   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in sandy upland forests, dry slope forests, rarely in pocosin ecotones in the fall-line sandhills region

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mountain Holly, Mountain Winterberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex montana   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex montana   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex ambigua var. montana 112-01-006b   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in mesic forests, rarely bogs or bog edges

Common in Mtns (uncommon or rare in Pdmt), essentially endemic to Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Downy Winterberry, Black-alder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex verticillata   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex verticillata   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex verticillata 112-01-007   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, pocosins, swampy forests

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Winterberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex laevigata   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex laevigata   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex laevigata 112-01-008   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, other wet, acidic sites, such as in small blackwater stream swamps

Common

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex glabra   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex glabra   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex glabra 112-01-009   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, pine flatwoods, pocosin margins, swamps, primarily in wetlands, but extending upslope even into sandhills, with a clay lens or spodic horizon below to maintain additional moisture

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Sweet Gallberry, Big Gallberry, Large Gallberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex coriacea   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex coriacea   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ilex coriacea 112-01-010   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it pocosins. This is more restricted to wet, peaty sites than is Ilex glabra

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Pdmt), endemic to Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Chinese Holly, Burford Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex cornuta   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex cornuta   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in forests in suburban areas, into which it has escaped from suburban plantings

Rare

Non-native: China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Japanese Holly
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ilex crenata   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ilex crenata   FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae

 

Look for it in forests in suburban areas, into which it has escaped from landscaping

Rare

Non-native: Japan

 


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"We still do not know one thousandth of one percent of what nature has revealed to us." — Albert Einstein