Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


270

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in forests & woodlands, esp in rich, moist alluvial or slope forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 7-11 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-3 lobed
Inferior ovary
Staminate flowers in elongate catkins

FRUIT:
Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Carya cordiformis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carya cordiformis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 053-02-003:
Carya cordiformis   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria cordiformis

 

COMMON NAME:
Bitternut Hickory


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Michigan Trees, a Project Gutenberg eBook    mit_illus_111

        

www.gutenberg.org/files/41394/41394-h/41394-h.htm

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_caco15_003_lvd

        

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_hico5_001_lvd

        

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_cordiformis_19

January        

Twigs slender, terminal bud slightly flattened, elongated (1/2" long+), per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

JK Marlow    jkm090221_048

February    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

Bark grayish to brown, tight and smooth to shallowly furrowed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_cordiformis_1_bark

March    Floyd County    GA

Lock & Dam Park

Bark gray to brown, shallowly furrowed, tight, not becoming scaly or shaggy, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_cordiformis_2

March        

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

JK Marlow    jkm140524_179

May    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

JK Marlow    s060506_m

May    Oconee County    SC

Clemson Forest

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

JK Marlow    s060506_n

May    Oconee County    SC

Clemson Forest

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_cordiformis_12

June        

Fruit beaked, narrowly winged along husk sutures, splitting part way, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_cordiformis_8

June        

Leaves have 7-11 lance-shaped to obovate leaflets w sharply toothed margins, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

JK Marlow    jkm150808_681

August    McDowell County?    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

JK Marlow    jkm150808_681b

August    McDowell County?    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Bud scales valvate, bright orange-yellow, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_cordiformis_fruit_2

November        

Husks 1/16" thick or less, with yellowish hairs on surface, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Carya cordiformis, image of Carya cordiformis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_cordiformis_3_bark

December    Floyd County    GA