Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2754

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in NC-SC (rare in GA) (endemic to GA-NC-SC)

Look for it in sandhills, dry rocky woodlands, bluffs, and barrens, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Basal (large) & alternate (small)

FLOWER:
Summer
Disc: Purplish-blue
Rays: Absent
Bisexual
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Vernonia acaulis   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Vernonia acaulis   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 179-27-001:
Vernonia acaulis   FAMILY Asteraceae__

 

COMMON NAME:
Stemless Ironweed, Carolina Ironweed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm100624_053

June    Greenville County    SC

Leaves tend to have a more acute apex than those of Elephantopus, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm100624_059

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm100624_061

June    Greenville County    SC

Involucres 5-10mm long; outer bracts acuminate to caudate, inner acute, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm100624_064

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm131027_024

October    Saluda County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Basal leaves 3-8, elliptic, lanceolate or oblancolate, 1-3dm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm131027_028b

October    Saluda County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Heads discoid. Pappus whitish to stramineous [straw-like], per Flora of North America.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm131027_029c

October    Saluda County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Phyllaries 40-60 in 5-6 series, per Flora of North America.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm151017_473474

October    Columbia County    GA

Flowers at the ends of branches in a flat-topped cluster, per Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm151017_477

October    Columbia County    GA

Stem leaves small, 2-7, linear, oblancolate to elliptic, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm081102_062

November    Columbia County    GA

image of Vernonia acaulis

JK Marlow    jkm081102_074

November    Columbia County    GA

Flowers of the genus Vernonia are all discoid, all bisexual, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.