Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


296

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Mostly rare in GA-NC-SC (uncommon in GA Mtns & SC Piedmont)

Look for it in xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, and bottomland forests, usually over calcareous substrates, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish
Functionally unisexual
5-6 lobed calyx
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Orange/Brownish
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Celtis occidentalis   FAMILY Cannabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Celtis occidentalis   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 056-03-002a:
Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Celtis occidentalis

LESS THAN Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2011)
Celtis occidentalis

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Hackberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ceoc_001_lvd

        

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_ceoc_010_lvd

        

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_ceoc_012_lvd

        

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

Roxanna Martin    rlm31812_7

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers unisexual, greenish, small, petals absent; staminate in fascicles, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

Roxanna Martin    rlm31812_8

March    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_c_occidentalis_0087

April    Catawba County    NC

Bark gray to light brown, smooth with corky outgrowths, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_c_occidentalis_0088

April    Catawba County    NC

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_c_occidentalis_0090

April    Catawba County    NC

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis, image of Celtis occidentalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_celtis_occidentalis

October        

Leaf blades mostly < 2x long as wide, 5-12cm long, toothed well below middle, per Weakley's Flora.