Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


296

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Mostly rare in GA-NC-SC (uncommon in GA Mtns & SC Piedmont)

Look for it in xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, and bottomland forests, usually over calcareous substrates, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish
Functionally unisexual
5-6 lobed calyx
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Orange/Brownish
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Celtis occidentalis   FAMILY Cannabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Celtis occidentalis   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 056-03-002a:
Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Celtis occidentalis

LESS THAN Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2011)
Celtis occidentalis

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Hackberry