Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


307

Forb
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it on moist slopes, bottomlands, wet savannas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Basal rosette & alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White/Greenish
Unisexual (occasionally bisexual)
Radially symmetrical
6 persistent tepals
6 stamens
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a raceme or spike

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Chamaelirium luteum   FAMILY Chionographidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Chamaelirium luteum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-17-001:
Chamaelirium luteum   FAMILY Liliaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Chamaelirium luteum

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Chamaelirium obovale

 

COMMON NAME:
Fairywand, Devil's Bit


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_chlu_001_lvd

        

This species needs additional, more careful, study, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm120310_197

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm0504r_29

April    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Female spike erect and less than 2" long when flowering begins, but lengthens, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm090419_015

April    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

Pistillate (female) spike.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm090419_025

April    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100430_022

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Scape of pistillate flowers has 16-57 leaves, rapidly reduced upward, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100430_027

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Leaves evergreen, in basal rosettes, elliptic to oblanceolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100430_034

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Staminate flowers usually in racemes, rachis usually white, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100430_054

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Pistillate (female) plant.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm120407_765

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm120407_768

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm150412_260

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm150424_724

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Chamaelirium luteum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_chamaelirium_luteum_2

April        

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm080531_011

May    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

Staminate flowers.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100514_011

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100514_042

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Pistillate flowers in racemes [with pedicels] or spikes [without pedicels], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm100514_065

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Scape of staminate flowers has 5-17 leaves, rapidly reduced upward, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Chamaelirium luteum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_chamaelirium_luteum_3

May        

image of Chamaelirium luteum

Tim Spira    tps_cluteum2

June        

Fairywand is usually found only as scattered individuals, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Fairywand and Lizard's Tail

image of Chamaelirium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm160818_625

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

The flowering stalks of female plants persist for months as fruits mature, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.