Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3258

Forb
Annual/Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain & Mountains)

Look for it in woodlands, woodland edges, openings, fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed campanulate calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, monadelphous, of 2 lengths

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Crotalaria sagittalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crotalaria sagittalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-11-003:
Crotalaria sagittalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Rattlebox


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crsa4_001_lvd

        

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_com1

June        

Petals yellow, usually shorter than calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_com3

June        

Seeds are loose and rattle in the inflated pod, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_com4

June        

Leaves downy, sessile, lanceolate to linear, from 1 to 3" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_common

June        

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

JK Marlow    jkm180927_5049

September    Greenville County    SC

Stem villous-hirsute (vs. C. purshii strigose), per Manual of the Southeastern Flora (JK Small, 1933).

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

JK Marlow    jkm180927_5050

September    Greenville County    SC

Calyx loosely pubescent (vs. that of C. purshii strigose), per Manual of the Southeastern Flora (JK Small, 1933).

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

JK Marlow    jkm180929_5152

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

JK Marlow    jkm180929_5155

September    Greenville County    SC

Specific epithet refers to conspicuous, inverted, arrowhead-shaped stipules, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis, Common Rattlebox

JK Marlow    jkm180929_5157

September    Greenville County    SC