Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3258

Forb
Annual/Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain & Mountains)

Look for it in woodlands, woodland edges, openings, fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed campanulate calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, monadelphous, of 2 lengths

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Crotalaria sagittalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crotalaria sagittalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-11-003:
Crotalaria sagittalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Rattlebox


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crsa4_001_lvd

        

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_com1

June        

Petals yellow, usually shorter than calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_com3

June        

Seeds are loose and rattle in the inflated pod, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_com4

June        

Leaves downy, sessile, lanceolate to linear, from 1 to 3" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_sagittalis_common

June        

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

JK Marlow    jkm180927_5049

September    Greenville County    SC

Stem villous-hirsute (vs. C. purshii strigose), per Manual of the Southeastern Flora (JK Small, 1933).

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

JK Marlow    jkm180927_5050

September    Greenville County    SC

Calyx loosely pubescent (vs. that of C. purshii strigose), per Manual of the Southeastern Flora (JK Small, 1933).

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

JK Marlow    jkm180929_5152

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

JK Marlow    jkm180929_5155

September    Greenville County    SC

Specific epithet refers to conspicuous, inverted, arrowhead-shaped stipules, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Crotalaria sagittalis

JK Marlow    jkm180929_5157

September    Greenville County    SC