Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3336

Forb
Annual

Non-native: India
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Jil M. Swearingen, NPS, 2000-2007
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Pennsylvania Dept. of Conservation & Natural Resources
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White/ Lavender
Bisexual
Slightly bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped 5-toothed calyx
5-lobed corolla
4 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Fall
Brownish/ Reddish
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Perilla frutescens   FAMILY Lamiaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Perilla frutescens var. frutescens   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-34-001:
Perilla frutescens   FAMILY Lamiaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database
Perilla frutescens var. crispa

 

COMMON NAME:
Beefsteak Plant, Perilla


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm130128_185

January    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Perilla frutescens

Roxanna Martin    rlmperillafrutescens_1

February    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx long-pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Perilla frutescens

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_183

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves purple or green, ovate, 5-13cm long, 4-10cm wide, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm180814_3826

August    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Perilla frutescens

Gill Newberry    gn09_p_frutescens_fruits

September        

Calyx tube hairy, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Perilla frutescens

Gill Newberry    gn09_p_frutescens_plant

September        

Sometimes cultivated for its foliage, now escaped to roadsides and dry woods, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm130928_729b

September    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm130928_730

September    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves large (to 6" long), ovate, tapered to a long point, and long-stalked, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm140924_941

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm140930_004

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm140930_011

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stems 0.3-2m tall, green or purple, finely pilose or densely villous, per Flora of China.

image of Perilla frutescens

Roxanna Martin    rlm9209_039

September    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Perilla frutescens

Roxanna Martin    rlm9509_066

September    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers borne in loose, elongate, terminal and axillary spikelike racemes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_perilla_frutescens

September        

image of Perilla frutescens

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_perilla_frutescens_3

September        

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm131002_828

October    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Perilla frutescens

Roxanna Martin    rlm10210_276

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Flower <.25" long, one of its 5 lobes slightly longer, with 4 stamens, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens

Roxanna Martin    rlm10210_290

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx zygomorphic, 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm151113_685

November    McCormick County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

image of Perilla frutescens

JK Marlow    jkm151113_699

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District