Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3336

Forb
Annual

Non-native: India

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White/ Lavender
Bisexual
Slightly bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped 5-toothed calyx
5-lobed corolla
4 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Fall
Brownish/ Reddish
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Perilla frutescens   FAMILY Lamiaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Perilla frutescens var. frutescens   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-34-001:
Perilla frutescens   FAMILY Lamiaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database
Perilla frutescens var. crispa

 

COMMON NAME:
Beefsteak Plant, Perilla


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm130128_185

January    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Roxanna Martin    rlmperillafrutescens_1

February    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx long-pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_183

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves purple or green, ovate, 5-13cm long, 4-10cm wide, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm180814_3826

August    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Gill Newberry    gn09_p_frutescens_fruits

September        

Calyx tube hairy, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Gill Newberry    gn09_p_frutescens_plant

September        

Sometimes cultivated for its foliage, now escaped to roadsides and dry woods, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm130928_729b

September    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm130928_730

September    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves large (to 6" long), ovate, tapered to a long point, and long-stalked, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm140924_941

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm140930_004

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm140930_011

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stems 0.3-2m tall, green or purple, finely pilose or densely villous, per Flora of China.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Roxanna Martin    rlm9209_039

September    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Roxanna Martin    rlm9509_066

September    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers borne in loose, elongate, terminal and axillary spikelike racemes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_perilla_frutescens

September        

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_perilla_frutescens_3

September        

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm131002_828

October    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Roxanna Martin    rlm10210_276

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Flower <.25" long, one of its 5 lobes slightly longer, with 4 stamens, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

Roxanna Martin    rlm10210_290

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx zygomorphic, 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip 2-toothed, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm151113_685

November    McCormick County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

image of Perilla frutescens, Beefsteak Plant, Perilla

JK Marlow    jkm151113_699

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District