Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3345

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Mountains, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Look for it in moist-to-dry nutrient-rich woodlands and forests, esp over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Maroon
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla
4 slightly exserted stamens, 1 staminode
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Scrophularia marilandica   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scrophularia marilandica   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 166-15-001:
Scrophularia marilandica   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Scrophularia marilandica

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Figwort, Carpenter's Square


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Scrophularia marilandica

Diane Creaton    dmc03292

June    Avery County    NC

In cultivation

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm100626_008

June    Avery County    NC

In cultivation

At 8', Figworts are among the largest of our herbaceous Scrophulariaceae, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm100626_009

June    Avery County    NC

In cultivation

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120617_007

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120617_008

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm120617_035

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm160827_667

August    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm160827_671

August    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm160827_672

August    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

Leaves usually 10-25cm long, 3-10cm wide, with rounded or subcordate bases, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm160827_674

August    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

Flowers less than 3/8", reddish-brown and strongly bilabiate, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm150927_250

September    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

image of Scrophularia marilandica

JK Marlow    jkm150927_251

September    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

Capsule ovoid-conic, 6-8mm long, septicidal, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.