Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


337

Herbaceous vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Look for it in marshes, swamps, floodplain forests, disturbed wet or moist areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Pinnately compound: 3-5 leaflets (usually)
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Bluish
Radially symmetrical
4 petaloid sepals, calyx campanulate
Petals absent
Numerous stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers solitary, terminal, usually without subtending bracts

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Brownish
Aggregate of achenes

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Clematis crispa   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Clematis crispa   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 076-10-002:
Clematis crispa   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viorna crispa

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Leatherflower, Marsh Clematis


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Clematis crispa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_clcr_004_lvd

        

image of Clematis crispa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vicr3_001_lvd

        

image of Clematis crispa

JK Marlow    jkm160415_111

April    Turner County    GA

crisped = "curled or twisted in relation to a horizontal plane", per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Clematis crispa

JK Marlow    jkm160415_112

April    Turner County    GA

Sepal tips widely spreading, the upper margins thin, crisped, to 6 mm wide, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Clematis crispa

JK Marlow    jkm160415_113

April    Turner County    GA

Flowers solitary, terminal on each branch. Calyx cylindric below, flared above, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Clematis crispa

JK Marlow    jkm160415_115

April    Turner County    GA

Most leaves compound, petiolate, upper surface reticulations faint& indistinct, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Clematis species

image of Clematis crispa

JK Marlow    jkm160415_117

April    Turner County    GA

image of Clematis crispa

JK Marlow    jkm160415_120

April    Turner County    GA

Peduncles usually without bracts, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Clematis crispa

Will Stuart    wil_4548553827_fefb098ea

April    Anson County    NC

Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge

Sepal tips spreading to recurved, greatly expanded and crispate, per The genus Clematis in Georgia. Tipularia (Ware, 2009).

image of Clematis crispa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_clematis_crispa_3

July        

Sepals thick, 1-2" long, blue to purple, the tips normally reflexed and wavy, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Clematis crispa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_clematis_crispa_9

July