Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Cupressales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
As early as the 1830s Torreya was recognized as very rare and special. Learn more at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
A classic example of Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora, in which highly disjunct sister species are located in extremely disjunct locales in temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. Read more at Torreya Guardians.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Florida Torreya, Stinking-cedar
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm100313_127
March Gadsden County FL
Angus Gholson Nature Park
Male cones borne singly in the axils of needles of the previous year, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Dirr, 1975+).
COMPARE conifers (not including Pines)
JK Marlow jkm140607_642
June Franklin County NC
Highlands Biological Station
Leaves stiff with a short petiole-like constriction, often slightly curved, per Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988).
Flora of North America
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Moist ravines and bluffs, sometimes planted well outside its native range as an ornamental, and also rarely established near plantings, per Weakley's Flora
Native to Georgia Coastal Plain (introduced elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)
Rare or waif(s)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007) p326
- Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia (Chafin, 2007) p403
- Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988) p026
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p350
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
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Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".