Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


351

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC Mountains)

Look for it in moist to dry forests & thickets, especially where calcareous, also weedy in landscaping, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves glabrous above, pubescent below; stems pubescent

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellow
Unisexual
4-8 sepals
1-8 petals, or petals absent
6 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Red
Drupe cluster

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cocculus carolinus   FAMILY Menispermaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cocculus carolinus   FAMILY Menispermaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 079-01-001:
Cocculus carolinus   FAMILY Menispermaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Epibaterium carolinum

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Moonseed, Coralbeads, Carolina Snailseed, Red Moonseed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Cocculus carolinus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_coca_005_lvd

        

image of Cocculus carolinus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_epca5_001_lvd

        

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm160515_679

May    McCormick County    SC

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm060617_057

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Cocculus carolinus

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_carolinus_coralbead

June        

Leaves palmately veined, not peltate, glabrous above, pubescent beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE palmately veined leaves of vines

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    s060617_m

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Cocculus carolinus

Gill Newberry    gn07_c_carolinus_flowers

July        

Sepals and petals 1-2mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Cocculus carolinus

Gill Newberry    gn07_cocculus_carolinus

July        

image of Cocculus carolinus

Gill Newberry    gn07_cocculus_flowers

July        

Staminate panicle to 15cm long, pistillate much shorter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm140712_855

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm140712_861

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves variable in shape and lobing, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm060928_060

September    York County    SC

Utility right-of-way

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm100903_610

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm100903_613

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm100903_614

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm101112_178

November    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Wildlife eat the glossy bright red berries, which are poisonous to man, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm101120_260

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

Fruit a red drupe, borne in small axillary clusters, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm151113_709

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm151113_713

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

image of Cocculus carolinus

JK Marlow    jkm151113_730

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District