Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


352

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in cove forests, rich forests, esp over calcareous or mafic substrates, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellow
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla
2 long-exserted stamens (usually)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Collinsonia canadensis   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Collinsonia canadensis   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-33-001:
Collinsonia canadensis   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN A taxonomic revision of Collinsonia (Peirson, Cantino, & Ballard, 2006)
Collinsonia canadensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Horsebalm, Citronella, Canada Stoneroot, Canada Horsebalm


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_coca4_001_lvd

        

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm060506_019

May    Oconee County    SC

Clemson Forest

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm100515_101

May    Henderson County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

Leaves coarsely serrate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm100515_103

May    Henderson County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm100515_105

May    Henderson County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

3 or more pairs of oval leaves, spaced rather evenly along the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm120704_435

July    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

Gill Newberry    gn08_c_canadensis

August        

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

Gill Newberry    gn08_c_canadensis_flowers

August        

Calyx zygomorphic, 2-lipped, upper lip 3-toothed, lower lip with 2 long teeth, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150827_980

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0309l_02

September    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0509k_24

September    Transylvania County    NC

Silver Run Preserve

A 2-cleft long-exserted stigma and (usually) 2 long-exserted stamens, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of Horsebalm species

picture of Collinsonia canadensis, image of Collinsonia canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0509l_18

September    Transylvania County    NC

Silver Run Preserve

An open pyramidal panicle of lemson-scented yellow flowers, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.