Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


456

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in NC Mountains, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Look for it in rich moist forests, esp rich cove forests in the mountains, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Pinnately decompound
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Bisexual
Isobilaterally symmetrical
2-merous
2 sepals
4 petals
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Dicentra canadensis   FAMILY Fumariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dicentra canadensis   FAMILY Fumariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 086-02-002:
Dicentra canadensis   FAMILY Fumariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Bicuculla canadensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Squirrel Corn


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_bica4_001_lvd

        

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

Harry Davis    hld456_crw_0634

April        NC-TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Similar to D. cucullaria, except that the spurs are rounded, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of Dicentra species

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm080420_090

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm080420_116

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm140417_053

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Yellow pea-shaped bulblets [vs. D. cucullaria's white or pink & tear-shaped, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm140417_078

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm140418_357

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Leaves finely divided, somewhat bluish-green, usually with a whitish bloom, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

Keith Bradley    kab_d_canadensis_1602

April    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

Keith Bradley    kab_d_canadensis_1965

April    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmdcanadensis_gsmnp3

April        NC-TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Flowers borne in a raceme on a nearly vertical stalk well above leaves, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    s080420_a

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Typically one long-stalked basal leaf per flowering stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Dicentra species

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160503_154

May    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Capsules ovoid, attenuate at both ends, per Flora of North America.

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmdcanadensis_rm2

May        NC-TN

The Roan Highlands

picture of Dicentra canadensis, image of Dicentra canadensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmdcanadensis_rm5

May        NC-TN

The Roan Highlands