Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


523

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Mountains)

Look for it in marshes, ditches (of moist to wet sites, rarey in uplands), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Panicle silvery to purplish

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain reddish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Erianthus giganteus   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Saccharum giganteum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-85-005:
Erianthus giganteus   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Erianthus giganteus

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Erianthus saccharoides

 

COMMON NAME:
Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_ergi_002_lvd

        

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ersa15_001_lvd

        

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_sagi_001_lvd

        

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Keith Bradley    kab_s_giganteum_73569

August    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Jean Everett    jbe091806_egiganteus_imma

September        

Spikelets well separated at flowering, then expanding into a plumelike mass, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Jean Everett    jbe092004_egiganteus_habi

September        

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_saccharum_giganteum

September        

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm161001_076

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Culms to 4m tall, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm161001_807

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm161001_826

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201004_7576

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves long-white hairy near base & short-hairy or not elsewhere, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201004_7581

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201004_7583

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201004_7598

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201004_7625

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Callus beard exceeds spikelet. Awn nearly straight, terete, scaberulous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Plumegrass species

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201021_7870

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Panicle silvery to purplish, 15-40cm long, 8-15cm broad, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201021_7872

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201021_7874

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201021_7875

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm201021_7877

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Nodes usually bearded, internodes glabrous or pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm161106_107

November    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Erianthus giganteus, Sugarcane Plumegrass, Giant Plumegrass

JK Marlow    jkm161106_107b

November    Williamsburg County    SC