Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


564

Forb
Perennial
Monoecious
Has milky sap (latex)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in dry woodlands, sandhills, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, opposite, or whorled
Leaves sessile, or petioles to 1mm long

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Petaloid appendages of glands white, greenish or pinkish
Unisexual
Cyathium with 5 glands (or 7-10)

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Euphorbia pubentissima   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Euphorbia pubentissima   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

GREATER THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 107-11-013b:
Euphorbia corollata var. zinniiflora   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

GREATER THAN & LESS THAN, IN PART Vascular Flora of the Carolinas
Euphorbia corollata var. corollata

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Euphorbia apocynifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
False Flowering Spurge, Southeastern Flowering Spurge, Southern Flowering Spurge


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm0404zc_32

April    Greenville County    SC

Flowering March-July, with the first flower situated between 2 lateral flowers, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm0305w_07

May    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Nodes below the inflorescence (6)15-26(41), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm120506_617

May    Oconee County    SC

Leaves thin, petiolate or subpetiolate, usually reflexed, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm140614_973

June    Oconee County    SC

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmepubentissima_cabinb

June    Clarendon County    SC

What appears to be a flower is actually a structure called a cyathium, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm140822_910913

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

The inflorescences appearing dichasial, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Flowering Spurge and False Flowering Spurge

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm140822_910913b

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Male flowers surround each (female) pistil, producing sticky pollen masses, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm140822_910913c

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Pistillate stalk enlarges as it ages; male flowers last only 2-5 days, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm140822_910913d

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Spurge fruits are 3-chambered capsules, audibly explosive when mature, per Book of Field and Roadside.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm180814_3803

August    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

Some botanists believe that E. apocynifolia is a valid but overlooked species.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm180814_3813

August    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

E. apocynifolia has oval to ovate leaves, short stature, small cyathia, etc, per A New Species of Euphorbia subgenus Chamaesyce from Mississippi (Fennell, 2015).

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm180814_3816

August    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

E. apocynifolia is currently considered to be included within E. pubentissima.

image of Euphorbia pubentissima

JK Marlow    jkm151030_644

October    Greenville County    SC

Blue Wall Preserve

Seed capules shoot their contents outward with great force, up to 15' away, per Book of Field and Roadside.