Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


592

Shrub; Subshrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont & Coastal Plain) (rare in GA & SC)

Look for it in heath balds, woodlands, & openings, usually acidic & xeric, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
White/Pale pink
Bisexual
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed urceolate or slightly campanulate corolla
8-10 included stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gaultheria procumbens   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gaultheria procumbens   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 145-16-001:
Gaultheria procumbens   FAMILY Ericaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wintergreen, Teaberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gaultheria procumbens

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gapr2_001_lvd

        

image of Gaultheria procumbens

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_gapr2_005_lvd

        

image of Gaultheria procumbens

JK Marlow    jkm150424_689

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Gaultheria procumbens

JK Marlow    jkm170414_655

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Gaultheria procumbens

Tim Spira    tpsgprocumbens5

May        

The leaves and red berries are natural sources of oil of wintergreen, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Gaultheria procumbens

JK Marlow    jkm060711_120

July    Fayette County    WV

Babcock State Park

Solitary, white to pinkish, urn-shaped flowers hang from stalks, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Gaultheria procumbens

JK Marlow    jkm060711_122

July    Fayette County    WV

Babcock State Park

image of Gaultheria procumbens

JK Marlow    jkm150912_143

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Leaves crenate to crenate-serrate with deciduous bristle-tipped teeth, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gaultheria procumbens

JK Marlow    jkm0310g_28

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Stems erect, the leaves 15-50mm long, clustered at the tip of the stem, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gaultheria procumbens

Keith Bradley    kab_g_procumbens_8691

November    Stephens County    NY

Adirondack State Park