Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 92 taxa in the family Ericaceae, Heath family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

                   

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pipsissewa, Striped Wintergreen, Spotted Wintergreen
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chimaphila maculata   FAMILY: Pyrolaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Chimaphila maculata 145-01-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in forests & woodlands, mostly rather xeric & acid

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Prince's-pine, Pipsissewa
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chimaphila umbellata var. cisatlantica   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chimaphila umbellata ssp. cisatlantica   FAMILY: Pyrolaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Chimaphila umbellata 145-01-002   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in forests and woodlands, mostly rather xeric and acid

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Pyrola americana, Rounded Shinleaf, Roundleaf Pyrola, American Wintergreen need picture of leaf or frond of Pyrola americana, Rounded Shinleaf, Roundleaf Pyrola, American Wintergreen need picture of flower of Pyrola americana, Rounded Shinleaf, Roundleaf Pyrola, American Wintergreen need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Pyrola americana, Rounded Shinleaf, Roundleaf Pyrola, American Wintergreen need picture of fruit of Pyrola americana, Rounded Shinleaf, Roundleaf Pyrola, American Wintergreen
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Common Name: Rounded Shinleaf, Roundleaf Pyrola, American Wintergreen
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Pyrola americana   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pyrola americana   FAMILY: Pyrolaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pyrola rotundifolia var. americana 145-02-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in xeric to mesic woodlands and forests

Rare in NC

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Indian Pipes, Ghost-flower, Ghost Pipes
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Monotropa uniflora   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Monotropa uniflora   FAMILY: Monotropaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Monotropa uniflora 145-03-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in a wide variety of forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Monotropa brittonii, Scrub Ghost-flower need picture of leaf or frond of Monotropa brittonii, Scrub Ghost-flower need picture of flower of Monotropa brittonii, Scrub Ghost-flower need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Monotropa brittonii, Scrub Ghost-flower need picture of fruit of Monotropa brittonii, Scrub Ghost-flower
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Common Name: Scrub Ghost-flower
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Monotropa brittonii   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Monotropa uniflora   FAMILY: Monotropaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Monotropa uniflora 145-03-001?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in Florida scrub, other dry, sandy habitats

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Pinesap, Appalachian Red Pinesap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Hypopitys lanuginosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Monotropa hypopitys   FAMILY: Monotropaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED TO NORTH AMERICAN PLANTS) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Monotropa hypopithys 145-03-002   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in acid forests

Uncommon (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eastern Pinesap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Hypopitys species 3   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Monotropa hypopitys   FAMILY: Monotropaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED TO NORTH AMERICAN PLANTS) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Monotropa hypopithys 145-03-002?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in forests

Uncommon (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Pygmy Pipes, Sweet Pinesap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Monotropsis odorata   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Monotropsis odorata   FAMILY: Monotropaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Monotropsis odorata + 145-04-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic upland woods under oaks and/or pines (Pinus virginiana or P. echinata), esp slopes or bluffs with abundant heaths, often including Kalmia latifolia and/or Rhododendron maximum

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rosebay Rhododendron, Great Laurel, White Rosebay, Great Rhododendron
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron maximum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron maximum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron maximum 145-05-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist slopes, in wet flats, bogs, swamps, north-facing bluffs in Piedmont

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Catawba Rhododendron, Mountain Rosebay, Purple Laurel, Pink Laurel
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron catawbiense   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron catawbiense   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron catawbiense 145-05-002   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on rocky summits, shrub balds, acid ridges & slopes (mostly at high elevations), north-facing bluffs in Piedmont

Common in Mtns, rare in Piedmont, rare in SC, endemic to Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Gorge Rhododendron, Punctatum, Piedmont Rhododendron
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron minus   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron minus   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron minus 145-05-003   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on rocky slopes, in escarpment gorges, rocky areas in the Piedmont, sandhill bluffs in the Coastal Plain

Common in Mountains (rare in Piedmont & Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Carolina Rhododendron, Punctatum
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron carolinianum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron carolinianum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron minus 145-05-003?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on rocky summits, heath balds, high elevation forests, moist slopes

Uncommon, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pinkshell Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron vaseyi   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron vaseyi   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron vaseyi 145-05-004   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist slopes, bogs, high elevation rocky summits, cliffs, high elevation heath balds

Rare, endemic to the NC mountains

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Flame Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron calendulaceum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron calendulaceum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron calendulaceum 145-05-005   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in deciduous forests, particularly on mountain slopes, grassy balds

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Oconee Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron flammeum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron flammeum   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in longleaf pine sandhills, upland forests on slopes, ridges, stream bluffs

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Plumleaf Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron prunifolium   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron prunifolium   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in mesic ravine forests and streambanks

Rare, endemic to a small area along AL-GA border

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cumberland Azalea, Baker's Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron cumberlandense   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron cumberlandense   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on balds and exposed or moist slopes

Rare, endemic to the Southern Appalachians, primarily west of the Blue Ridge

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Piedmont Azalea, Southern Pinxterbloom Azalea, Hoary Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron canescens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron canescens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron canescens 145-05-006   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, pocosins, & savannas

Common in GA-SC Coastal Plain, uncommon in GA-SC Piedmont, rare in NC-SC Mtns

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Florida Flame Azalea, Yellow Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron austrinum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron austrinum   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in hammocks, bluffs, floodplain forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Election Pink, Roseshell Azalea, Early Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron prinophyllum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron prinophyllum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron roseum 145-05-007   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests (esp under Quercus montana & Quercus rubra), xeric pine & oak woodlands

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: May White Azalea, Eastman's Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron eastmanii   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron eastmanii   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron alabamense 145-05-008   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on rich slopes

Rare (though locally common), endemic to the SC Piedmont

Native to South Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Red Hills Azalea, May-pink Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron colemanii   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in moist hammocks, moist bluffs, along streams

Uncommon

Native to Georgia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Alabama Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron alabamense   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron alabamense   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist slopes, bluffs, streambanks

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pinxterflower, Pinxterbloom Azalea, Election Pink, Pinxter Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron periclymenoides   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron periclymenoides   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron nudiflorum 145-05-009   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist to dry slopes and streambanks

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Azalea, Coastal Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron atlanticum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron atlanticum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron atlanticum 145-05-010   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, savannas, pine flatwoods, sandhill-pocosin ecotones

Common in NC-SC, uncommon in GA, endemic to the Atlantic Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Swamp Azalea, Clammy Azalea, Swamp Honeysuckle, Catchfly Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron viscosum var. viscosum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron viscosum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron viscosum var. viscosum 145-05-011a   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist streambanks, shrub balds, and other moist habitats

Common in Piedmont & NC-SC Mountains (uncommon to rare elesewhere)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Rhododendron viscosum var. montanum, Clammy Azalea need picture of leaf or frond of Rhododendron viscosum var. montanum, Clammy Azalea need picture of flower of Rhododendron viscosum var. montanum, Clammy Azalea need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Rhododendron viscosum var. montanum, Clammy Azalea need picture of fruit of Rhododendron viscosum var. montanum, Clammy Azalea
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Common Name: Clammy Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron viscosum var. montanum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron viscosum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron viscosum var. viscosum 145-05-011a?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in moderate to high elevation sites, in dry to seasonally seepy sites

Rare (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Swamp Azalea, Clammy Azalea, Sweet Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron serrulatum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron viscosum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron viscosum var. serrulatum 145-05-011b   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, pocosins, wet pine savannas

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet Azalea, Smooth Azalea
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Rhododendron arborescens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Rhododendron arborescens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Rhododendron arborescens 145-05-012   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on rocky riversides, wooded streambanks, swamps, high elevation forests, shrub balds

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Minniebush
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Rhododendron pilosum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Menziesia pilosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Menziesia pilosa 145-06-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on heath balds, bogs, rocky summits, & rocky woodlands, mostly at high elevations

Uncommon in NC Mtns, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC (endemic to S & C Appalachians)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sand-myrtle, Mountain Myrtle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Kalmia buxifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Leiophyllum buxifolium   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leiophyllum buxifolium var. buxifolium 145-07-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it - locally abundant but very restricted in wet (spodosol) pinelands of outer Coastal Plain (in Brunswick & Carteret Counties, NC), locally common in relatively dry sandhills in a few locations in the Sandhills, disjunct in Piedmont on a few quartzite monadnocks, fairly common in the mountains on rock outcrops at high to moderate elevations (on a wide variety of rock types)

Uncommon in NC Mountains, rare elsewhere

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mountain Laurel, Ivy, Calico-bush, Mountain Ivy
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Kalmia latifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Kalmia latifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Kalmia latifolia 145-08-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in acidic forests, bluffs, bogs, along sandhill streams, & in a wide range of other habitats, nearly ubiquitous in the mountains, up to at least 1600m, more restricted in habitat in lower Piedmont & Coastal Plain

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Sheepkill, Carolina Wicky, Carolina Sheep Laurel, Carolina Bog Myrtle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Kalmia carolina   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Kalmia carolina   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC ERROR) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Kalmia angustifolia var. caroliniana 145-08-002   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in moist to wet pinelands of the Coastal Plain, pocosin margins (or seemingly in pocosins or swamps because of fire suppression), mountain bogs & fens (& less commonly in rocky areas at high elevations) in the Mountains

Common in NC Coastal Plain, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain (rare in Mtns & in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Northern Sheepkill, Sheep Laurel, Lamb-kill
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Kalmia angustifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Kalmia angustifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in sandy, xeric to mesic hillsides and moist areas, rocky areas

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Wicky
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Kalmia cuneata   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Kalmia cuneata   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Kalmia cuneata 145-08-003   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins and pocosin-savanna or pocosin-sandhill ecotones

Rare, narrowly endemic to the Coastal Plain of se. NC & e. SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Hairy Wicky
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Kalmia hirsuta   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Kalmia hirsuta   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Kalmia hirsuta 145-08-004   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas and pine flatwoods

Common in GA, rare in SC

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Zenobia, Honeycups
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Zenobia pulverulenta   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Zenobia pulverulenta   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Zenobia pulverulenta 145-09-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, margins of pineland pools

Common in NC-SC Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere), a narrow endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Evergreen Mountain Fetterbush, Mountain Andromeda
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pieris floribunda   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pieris floribunda   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Pieris floribunda 145-10-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on acid wooded slopes, heath balds at high elevations, summits of Piedmont monadnocks, sometimes escaped from cultivation

Uncommon to rare in NC, with a peculiar range

Native to North Carolina & possibly Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Vine-wicky, Climbing Fetterbush, Climbing Wicky
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pieris phillyreifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pieris phillyreifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests. This southeastern species has the remarkable habit of often growing as a creeping vine under the bark of Taxodium ascendens, the branches exserted thru the cypress bark, sometimes ascending into the upper canopy with the main stem never visible except at the very base of the tree; it also sometimes grows as a low shrub

Rare in GA-SC

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Japanese Andromeda, Lily-of-the-Valley Bush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Pieris japonica   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Pieris japonica   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Non-native: Japan, Taiwan, & China

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Northern Maleberry, He-huckleberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lyonia ligustrina var. ligustrina   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lyonia ligustrina var. ligustrina   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lyonia ligustrina 145-11-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in mountain bogs, shrub balds, bottomlands, other moist to wet habitats, "dry" ridges at high elevations

Common (uncommon in GA Piedmont, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rusty Lyonia, Staggerbush, Dragonwood, Crookedwood
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lyonia ferruginea   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lyonia ferruginea   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lyonia ferruginea 145-11-002   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in dry oak and pine woodlands, scrub, rarely pocosins, spodosolic flatwoods

Common

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Staggerbush, Poor-grub
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lyonia fruticosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lyonia fruticosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lyonia ferruginea 145-11-002?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins

Common (rare in SC)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Shining Fetterbush, Lyonia, Hemleaf
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lyonia lucida   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lyonia lucida   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lyonia lucida 145-11-003   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, wet woodlands, blackwater swamp forests, other acidic wetlands, esp if peaty

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Staggerbush
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lyonia mariana   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lyonia mariana   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lyonia mariana 145-11-004   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pine flatwoods, savannas, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, dry rocky woodlands in the lower Piedmont (esp with chestnut oak)

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tall Fetterbush, Florida Leucothoe, Florida Hobblebush, Agarista
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Agarista populifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Agarista populifolia   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leucothoe populifolia 145-12-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in blackwater swamps, hydric hammocks, marly spring runs

Rare in Coastal Plain, waif in Piedmont

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Coastal Doghobble, Coastal Plain Doghobble
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Leucothoe axillaris   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Leucothoe axillaris   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leucothoe axillaris var. axillaris 145-12-002a   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, blackwater swamp forests, and moist & acid slopes

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Pdmt), endemic to Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mountain Doghobble, Highland Doghobble, Switch-ivy
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Leucothoe fontanesiana   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Leucothoe fontanesiana   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leucothoe axillaris var. editorum 145-12-002b   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on moist slopes, streambanks, ravines, often associated with Rhododendron maximum thickets

Common, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mountain Sweetbells, Mountain Fetterbush, Deciduous Fetterbush
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Eubotrys recurvus   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Eubotrys recurva   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leucothoe recurva 145-12-003   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it on heath balds, high elevation ridges and granitic domes, bogs

Common in NC Mtns, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC (endemic to Southern Appalachians)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Coastal Fetterbush, Swamp Sweetbells, Swamp Leucothoe, Swamp Fetterbush
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Eubotrys racemosus   FAMILY: Ericaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Eubotrys racemosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leucothoe racemosa 145-12-004   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, pocosins, streambanks, and other wet places

Common in Coastal Plain, uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sourwood, Sorrel-tree
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Oxydendrum arboreum   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Oxydendrum arboreum 145-13-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to xeric deciduous forests, esp dry-mesic to xeric oak-hickory & oak-pine forests, also in sandhill/pocosin ecotones

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Leatherleaf, Cassandra
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Chamaedaphne calyculata   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Chamaedaphne calyculata   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Cassandra calyculata 145-14-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins in the Coastal Plain, bogs in the Mountains, Chamaecyparis bogs

Uncommon (rare in Mountains, where nearly extirpated)

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Trailing Arbutus, Mayflower
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Epigaea repens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Epigaea repens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Epigaea repens 145-15-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in a wide variety of acidic forests, xeric to mesic, sandy, rocky, & loamy

Common (rare in GA Piedmont & SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Wintergreen, Teaberry
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gaultheria procumbens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaultheria procumbens   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaultheria procumbens 145-16-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in heath balds, woodlands, & openings, usually acidic & xeric

Common (uncommon in Piedmont & Coastal Plain) (rare in GA & SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Creeping Snowberry, Moxie
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gaultheria hispidula   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaultheria hispidula   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in spruce-fir forests, northern hardwoods, forests, bogs at high elevations

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Crossleaf Heath
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Erica tetralix   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Erica tetralix   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Erica tetralix 145-17-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in sandy thickets

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Box Huckleberry
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Gaylussacia brachycera   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gaylussacia brachycera   FAMILY: Ericaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) (MISIDENTIFIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaylussacia brachycera 145-18-001   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in dry, acidic ridgetops and upper slopes

Rare in NC

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Dwarf Huckleberry
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Gaylussacia dumosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Gaylussacia dumosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaylussacia dumosa 145-18-002   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in longleaf pine sandhills, pine flatwoods, other xeric to mesic, acidic forests and woodlands

Common (uncommon in Piedmont & Mountains of NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Northern Dwarf Huckleberry, Bog Huckleberry
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Gaylussacia bigeloviana   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Gaylussacia dumosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaylussacia dumosa 145-18-002?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in peat dome pocosins (in NC and VA), sandhill seepage bogs (SC), Chamaecyparis bogs (DE), generally growing in peat, forms transitional to var. dumosa in wet pinelands and disturbed pocosins

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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Common Name: Blue Ridge Bog Huckleberry, Blue Ridge Huckleberry
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Gaylussacia orocola   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Gaylussacia dumosa   FAMILY: Ericaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gaylussacia dumosa 145-18-002?   FAMILY: Ericaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, seepages over granite

Rare (an endemic)

Native to North Carolina

 


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"Humans seldom value what they cannot name." — Elaine Brooks, biologist