Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


600

Woody vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Look for it in a wide range of habitats, from swamp forests to dry uplands & thickets, also commonly planted as an oramental, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5-lobed funnelform corolla
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Gelsemiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Loganiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 154-01-001:
Gelsemium sempervirens   FAMILY Loganiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gese_001_lvd

        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_gese_007_lvd

        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm180331_213

March    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Ben Geer Keys    bgk600_a

April        

Pedicels short, bracteate. Sepals lanceolate, separate to base, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Gill Newberry    gn04_g_semperv_irens_inf_

April        

Flowers in fragrant, few-flowered axillary clusters (cymes) on new growth, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Gill Newberry    gn04_g_sempervirens_flowe

April        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Gill Newberry    gn04_g_sempervirens_habit

April        

Habit.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm0204i_18

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

All parts of the plant are poisonous, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm0404a_25

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

The vine twines upward from left to right, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm0404b_04

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Habit.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm150407_107

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Jessamine climbs to the tops of trees, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm180408_217

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    jkm180408_222

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Capsules oblong, abruptly rounded to a beaked apex, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmgsempervirens_boggs1

April    Pickens County    SC

Rich yellow, funnel-shaped flowers w 5 spreading lobes, on short pedicels, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmgsempervirens_boggs4

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_sempervirens_1

April        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_sempervirens_2

April        

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

JK Marlow    s040401_ab

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaves are evergreen, opposite, lanceolate to elliptic, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Crossvine, Trumpet Creeper and Yellow Jessamine

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140412_085743

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Gelsemium sempervirens

Paul Thompson    pstgelsemium_semperviren

September?        

Note wiry stems, long internodes, and short petioles. — Clemson Extension