Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


602

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Uncommon in NC, rare in SC

Look for it in savannas, pine flatwoods, sandhills, in a variety of sites varying from moist to very xeric nearly always (in NC-SC) associated with Pinus palustris and/or Aristida stricta, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Blue (with green inside tube base)
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed corolla
5 stamens
Flowers solitary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gentiana autumnalis   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gentiana autumnalis   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 155-02-003:
Gentiana autumnalis   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Dasystephana porphyrio

 

COMMON NAME:
Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gentiana autumnalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_dapo6_001_lvd

        

image of Gentiana autumnalis

JK Marlow    jkm161001_134

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Gentiana autumnalis

JK Marlow    jkm161001_135

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Keith Bradley    kab_g_autumnalis_3038

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Rob Hunnings    rlh_grswamp_20131025a

October    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

The linear calyx lobes are 10-25mm long and 0.5-1.5mm wide, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Rob Hunnings    rlh_grswamp_20131025b

October    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

Flowers typically 5-lobed, but an occasional 4-lobed flower can be found, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Will Stuart    wil_10361333186

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Will Stuart    wil_5059214749_1b2c2c3db2

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

These gentians don't open til mid-morning & close tightly by late afternoon. — Will Stuart

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Will Stuart    wil_5059828294_772927efc5

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Wide-open, deep blue flowers are green inside near base of corolla tube, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Will Stuart    wil1808658132_f490e813b0b

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Corolla lobes ovate and much longer than the appendages, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Gentiana autumnalis

Will Stuart    wil1808658132_f490e813b0c

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Leaves narrow and grass-like, 0.5-5mm wide, per Gentians of the Eastern US.