Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


604

Forb
Annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in SC)

Look for it in forests, grassy balds, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Violet/ Purplish
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed corolla
5 stamens
Inflorescence a cyme

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gentianella quinquefolia ssp. quinquefolia   FAMILY Gentianaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 155-02-002:
Gentiana quinquefolia   FAMILY Gentianaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gequ3_001_lvd

        

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

Keith Bradley    kab_g_quinquefolia_2954

August    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest

Flowers in 3-5 flowered cymes, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

JK Marlow    jkm070917_121

September    Haywood County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

JK Marlow    jkm070917_125

September    Haywood County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

A profusion of narrow tubular flowers in dense terminal clusters, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

JK Marlow    jkm070917_137

September    Haywood County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

JK Marlow    jkm090913_029

September    Transylvania County    NC

Stem leaves sessile with acute tips & rounded base; basal leaves spatulate, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

JK Marlow    jkm090913_128

September    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_quinquefolia_4

October    Union County    GA

image of Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed, Stiff Gentian

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_g_quinquefolia_4b

October    Union County    GA

Calyx cleft half its length, lobes linear, acute, erect to slightly spreading, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.