Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


627

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in savannas, moist roadbanks, meadows, pastures, bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, with bracts upward

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellow/Orange
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary
Raceme

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Platanthera ciliaris   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Platanthera ciliaris   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-03-014:
Habenaria ciliaris   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Blephariglottis ciliaris

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellow Fringed Orchid


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Platanthera ciliaris

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_blci2_001_lvd

        

image of Platanthera ciliaris

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_ciliaris_39

July        

image of Platanthera ciliaris

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_platanthera_ciliaris

July        

image of Platanthera ciliaris

JK Marlow    jkm0508e_20

August    Oconee County    SC

image of Platanthera ciliaris

JK Marlow    jkm160816_511

August    Oconee County    SC

The lower third of the stem bears a few narrow pointed leaves, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera ciliaris

JK Marlow    jkm160816_514

August    Oconee County    SC

Leaves on the upper stem are tiny and almost like bracts, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera ciliaris

JK Marlow    jkm160816_516

August    Oconee County    SC

A dorsal sepal acts as a "hood" and 2 lateral sepals are reflexed, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera ciliaris

JK Marlow    jkm160816_517

August    Oconee County    SC

Each flower has a spur 2-3x as long as the lip, which forms the nectary, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera ciliaris

Jim Fowler    jafpci_0008

August-September    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Half-inch-long narrow lip completely bordered by a fine feathery fringing, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera ciliaris

Harry Davis    hld627_crw_7700

September    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Platanthera ciliaris

JK Marlow    jkm0510g_22

October    Oconee County    SC