Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


628

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in seepages, bogs, swamps, other wet places, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
1(2) leaves low on the stem

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Greenish-white
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary
Raceme

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Platanthera clavellata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Platanthera clavellata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

(?) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-03-011:
Habenaria clavellata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Gymnadeniopsis clavellata

 

COMMON NAME:
Small Green Wood Orchid, Club-spur Orchid, Woodland Orchid, Streamhead Orchid


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Platanthera clavellata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_gycl_001_lvd

        

image of Platanthera clavellata

JK Marlow    jkm060723_325

July    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Each flower has a half-inch club-shaped spur that points back & downward, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera clavellata

JK Marlow    jkm060723_331

July    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Generally 1 clasping leaf at base & another about 1/3 the way up the stem, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera clavellata

JK Marlow    jkm120705_670

July    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

The lip of each 1/4" flower is slightly larger at its 3-lobed tip, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Platanthera clavellata

JK Marlow    jkm150712_437

July    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Usually 1 major leaf, low but not basal, clasping, keeled, oblanceolate, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Platanthera clavellata

JK Marlow    jkm080802_004

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Platanthera clavellata

JK Marlow    jkm080802_007

August    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway