Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


639

Woody vine
Perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it to be persistent, established, and spreading around old home sites, in suburban woodlands and waste areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Botanical Garden
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC Native Plant Society
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Greenish-yellow
Bisexual
5 sepals
5 petals
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Black/ Blue/ Purplish
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Hedera helix var. helix   FAMILY Araliaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hedera helix   FAMILY Araliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 139-01-001:
Hedera helix   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH The genera of Araliaceae in the southeastern United States (Graham, 1966)
Hedera helix var. helix

SYNONYMOUS WITH World checklist and bibliography of Araliaceae (Frodin & Govaerts, 2003)
Hedera helix ssp. helix

 

COMMON NAME:
English Ivy, Common Ivy


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm160201_957b

February    Greenville County    SC

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm160201_959

February    Greenville County    SC

Leaves on mature plants are not palmately lobed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm160217_022

February    Greenville County    SC

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm160225_059

February    Greenville County    SC

image of Hedera helix var. helix

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_hedera_helix4

March    Moore County    NC

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm0403g_11

March    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Climbing to 90' by aerial roots, trailing to form dense ground cover, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm0403g_17

March    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm0403m_12

March    Greenville County    SC

Leaves on juvenile wood are palmately lobed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm060617_050

June    Greenville County    SC

Leaves of mature plants broadly lanceolate and unlobed, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm060622_017

June    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Flowers small: sepals 0.2-0.4mm, petals thick, 3-3.5mm long. Umbels terminal, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    s060617_k

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    s060617_l

June    Greenville County    SC

Leaves of typical juvenile plants have 3-5 pointed lobes, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE palmately veined leaves of vines

image of Hedera helix var. helix

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_hedera_helix1

August    Moore County    NC

image of Hedera helix var. helix

Paul Thompson    psthedera_helix

September?        

Leaves have a pungent odor when crushed. — Clemson Extension

image of Hedera helix var. helix

Gill Newberry    gn10_hedera_helix

October        

Leaves dark green with whtish veins radiating from the petiole, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Hedera helix var. helix

JK Marlow    jkm061126_013

November    Greenville County    SC

Fruit berrylike, borne in umbellate clusters, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.