OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Piperales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Hexastylis arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH New combinations in North American Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) (Barringer, 1993)
Asarum arifolium var. arifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH A review of the taxonomy and biogeography of Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae) (Gaddy, 1987)
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 062-03-001:
Hexastylis arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Asarum arifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Hexastylis arifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

Steve Marlow    snm079801_36

January    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm0303l_22

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm070407_052

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm070407_054

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Leaves mottled - the paler areas *between* the veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_011

April    Pickens County    SC

Calyx tube may be ovoid with short erect lobes, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_013

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_018

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_026

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_032

April    Pickens County    SC

Calyx tube may be urceolate-campanulate with spreading lobes, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_037

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm080430_038

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm090425_046

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

Calyx gradually contracted to a smooth waist just below calyx lobes, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm090426_011

April    Pickens County    SC

Portions of the sides of nearly all leaves straight or concave, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

Keith Bradley    kab_h_arifolia_2629

April    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm210516_0349

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

Tim Spira    tpsharifolia4

May        

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    jkm210903_3306

September    Greenville County    SC

Leaf triangular, ovate-sagittate or subhastate, basal lobes ~1/3 leaf length, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Hexastylis arifolia, Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Pigs

JK Marlow    s071018_cd

October    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Hexastylis arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH New combinations in North American Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) (Barringer, 1993)
Asarum arifolium var. arifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH A review of the taxonomy and biogeography of Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae) (Gaddy, 1987)
Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 062-03-001:
Hexastylis arifolia   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Asarum arifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Hexastylis arifolia

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

674

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common

Habitat: In a wide variety of dry to mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems). Leaves alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale purplish/ Purplish-brown
Bisexual
3-merous
3-lobed calyx gradually contracted to a smooth waist just below the calyx lobes
Petals absent
12 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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