Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 20 taxa in the family Aristolochiaceae, Birthwort family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dutchman's Pipe, Pipevine
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Isotrema macrophyllum   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aristolochia macrophylla   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Aristolochia macrophylla 062-01-001   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in cove forests & other mountain mesic forests

Common (rare in SC), endemic to the south-central Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Turpentine-root, Virginia Snakeroot, Serpent Birthwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Endodeca serpentaria   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aristolochia serpentaria   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Aristolochia serpentaria 062-01-002   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic forests, perhaps more restricted to mesic situations over acidic substrate, ranging into drier situations over calcareous or mafic substrates

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Woolly Pipevine, Woolly Dutchman's Pipe
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Isotrema tomentosum   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aristolochia tomentosa   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Aristolochia tomentosa 062-01-003?   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in floodplain forests, disturbed areas

Rare in GA, NC, SC

Native to Georgia, naturalized in NC, native(?) or naturalized(?) in SC

 


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Common Name: Elegant Dutchman's Pipe, Calico Flower
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Aristolochia elegans   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Aristolochia elegans   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Non-native: Brazil

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Wild Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asarum canadense   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Asarum canadense   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Asarum canadense 062-02-001   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in rich deciduous forests in circumneutral soils

Common (uncommon in Piedmont of NC-SC, rare in Coastal Plain of NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Acuminate Wild Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asarum acuminatum   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Asarum canadense   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Asarum canadense 062-02-001?   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in rich deciduous forests

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Reflexed Wild Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Asarum reflexum   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Asarum canadense   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Asarum canadense 062-02-001?   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in rich deciduous forests in circumneutral soils

Common in Piedmont (mostly rare elesewhere)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Brown Jug, Arrowhead Heartleaf, Arrowleaf Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis arifolia 062-03-001   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic deciduous forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis arifolia var. callifolia   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis arifolia var. callifolia   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Little Brown Jug
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis arifolia var. ruthii   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis arifolia var. ruthii   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis arifolia 062-03-001?   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests, ultramafic outcrop barrens, calcaareous forests

Uncommon (rare in Piedmont) (rare in SC), endemic to Southern Appalachians

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf-flower Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis naniflora   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis naniflora   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis naniflora 062-03-002   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in deciduous forests on sandy river bluffs or in ravines with Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum.

Rare, endemic to the southern Blue Ridge of NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Virginia Heartleaf, Virginia Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis virginica   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis virginica   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis virginica 062-03-003   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests

Common in NC Piedmont, uncommon elsewhere in GA-NC

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: French Broad Heartleaf, Carolina Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis rhombiformis   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis rhombiformis   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in deciduous forests on sandy river bluffs or in ravines with Kalmia latifolia & Rhododendron maximum

Rare, endemic to the southern Blue Ridge of NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Mountain Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis contracta   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis contracta   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis contracta 062-03-004   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it on acidic soils in deciduous forests with Kalmia latifolia & Rhododendron maximum

Rare, endemic to the Cumberland Plateau of TN with disjuncts in NC-VA

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Heartleaf, Small Heartleaf Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis minor   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis minor   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis minor 062-03-005   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in upland or moist forests

Common in NC Piedmont, uncommon in SC Piedmont, rare elsewhere

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Sandhills Heartleaf, Streamhead Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis sorriei   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis sorriei   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in seepage bogs, pocosins, typically in association with Osmundastrum cinnamomeum, Sarracenia rubra, and Sphagnum spp

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere (endemic to NC-SC Sandhills)

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Heartleaf Ginger, Variable-leaf Heartleaf, Wild Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis heterophylla   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis heterophylla   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis heterophylla 062-03-006   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it on slopes and bluffs in xeric to mesic forests, usually associated with Kalmia latifolia

Common (uncommon in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Lewis's Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hexastylis lewisii   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis lewisii   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis lewisii 062-03-007   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests (pine or oak), pocosin ecotones

Rare, endemic to NC-VA Piedmont & NC Coastal Plain

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large-flower Heartleaf, Wild Ginger
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Hexastylis shuttleworthii   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. shuttleworthii   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hexastylis shuttleworthii 062-03-007   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in acidic soils in deciduous and deciduous-coniferous forests, often along creeks under Rhododendron maximum

Uncommon, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Harper's Heartleaf
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Hexastylis harperi   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. harperi   FAMILY: Aristolochiaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, acid hammocks

Rare (an endemic)

Native to Georgia

 


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