Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


675

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA)

Look for it on slopes and bluffs in xeric to mesic forests, usually associated with Kalmia latifolia, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems). Leaves alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale purplish/ Purplish-brown
Bisexual
3-merous
3-lobed cylindrical calyx tube
Petals absent
12 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Piperales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Hexastylis heterophylla   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hexastylis heterophylla   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 062-03-006:
Hexastylis heterophylla   FAMILY Aristolochiaceae

LESS THAN Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Hexastylis virginicum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of West Virginia (Strausbaugh & Core, 1978)
Asarum heterophyllum

 

COMMON NAME:
Heartleaf Ginger, Variable-leaf Heartleaf, Wild Ginger


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm080329_025

March    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm080329_032

March    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

H. heterophylla is probably the most variable species in the genus, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm090321_209

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Southern populations have small unflared flowers, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm100402_044

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Northern populations have large prominently-flared flowers, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

Steve Marlow    snm090412_049

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Occasionally populations with flowers the size of H. naniflora are found, per A Review of the Taxonomy & Biogeography of Hexastylis, Aristolochiaceae. Castanea (L.L. Gaddy, 1987).

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm060506_141

May    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm060506_143

May    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

If leaves are mottled, the paler portions are along the veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    jkm071101_002

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Leaves usually solid green (sometimes variegated), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Hexastylis heterophylla

JK Marlow    s071101_c

November    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Leaves with cordate base, all portions of the sides convex, per Weakley's Flora.