Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


739

Shrub
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in savannas, pine flatwoods, pocosin margins, swamps, primarily in wetlands, but extending upslope even into sandhills, with a clay lens or spodic horizon below to maintain additional moisture, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Greenish-white
Usually unisexual
5-7 merous
5-7 sepals
5-7 petals

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 112-01-009:
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ilex glabra

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ilgl_001_lvd

        

image of Ilex glabra

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_ilgl_005_lvd

        

image of Ilex glabra

JK Marlow    jkm130406_876

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

Leaves 3-4x long as wide, crenate in the apical 1/2 to 1/3 (or rarely entire), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ilex glabra

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmiglabra_srec

May    Richland County    SC

Sandhills Recreation Center

Female flowers mostly solitary, male in small clusters, on separate plants, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Ilex glabra

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmiglabra_fb1

May-June        

Leaves elliptic with a tapering base, leathery, lustrous yellow-green above, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Ilex glabra

JK Marlow    jkm081009_069

October    Dorchester County    SC

image of Ilex glabra

JK Marlow    jkm161001_750

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Fruit a dry drupe, solitary in axils, 5-7mm wide, green maturing to black, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Ilex glabra

Will Stuart    wil_10526945776

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge