Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


741

Tree
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of forests, ranging from xeric to wetland, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Usually unisexual
4-merous?
4 sepals
4 petals

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ilex opaca var. opaca   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex opaca var. opaca   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 112-01-001:
Ilex opaca   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Holly, Christmas Holly


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_ilex_opaca_4

January        

Fruit a nearly globose drupe, maturing in autumn & persisting til flowering, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

JK Marlow    s080301_a

March    Charleston County    SC

Santee Coastal Reserve

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140418_122225

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Leaf blades stiff, leathery, margins wavy to sharply spine-toothed, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

JK Marlow    jkm080510_004

May    Greenville County    SC

Female flowers have ovaries and sterile stamens.

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

JK Marlow    jkm080510_014

May    Greenville County    SC

Male flowers have fertile stamens and lack ovaries.

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

Keith Bradley    kab_ilex_opaca_6309

May    Richland County    SC

Congaree National Park

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmiopaca_home

July    Anderson County    SC

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

Paul Thompson    pstilex_opaca

September?        

Leaf margins are cupped downward. — Clemson Extension

picture of Ilex opaca, image of Ilex opaca var. opaca

JK Marlow    jkm0212b_17

December    Greenville County    SC

Our only Ilex species that becomes a medium to large tree, per Weakley's Flora.