Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


767

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon to rare in GA, NC, SC

Look for it in moist to dry forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Whorls of 5

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish /Purplish-brown
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Isotria verticillata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Isotria verticillata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-06-001:
Isotria verticillata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003)
Pogonia verticillata

 

COMMON NAME:
Large Whorled Pogonia, Larger Five-leaves


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Isotria verticillata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_isve_001_lvd

        

image of Isotria verticillata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_i_verticillata_5

April        

image of Isotria verticillata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_i_verticillata_c

April        

image of Isotria verticillata

Greg Peters    glp_05082013_v2

May    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont Forest

3 long, narrow sepals are light green at base, dark purplish-brown at tips, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Large and Small Whorled Pogonia and Indian Cucumber-root

image of Isotria verticillata

Greg Peters    glp_05102013_v2

May    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont Forest

image of Isotria verticillata

Greg Peters    glp_05102013_v2a

May    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont Forest

The bright green leaves tend to point upward when the plant is in flower, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Isotria verticillata

Jim Fowler    jafisovert_030511

May        NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Isotria verticillata

Jim Fowler    jafisovert_close030511

May        NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

The long dark sepals & gaping lip resemble a large insect waiting for prey, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.