Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


770

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Rare in GA & NC

Look for it in moist & extremely nutrient-rich forests, generally over calcareous or mafic rocks (including limestone, dolostone, amphibolite, greenstone, etc) or very rich alluvium, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Compound: 2 leaflets
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
4 petaloid sepals
8 petals
8 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring
Follicle

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Jeffersonia diphylla   FAMILY Berberidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Jeffersonia diphylla   FAMILY Berberidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 077-04-001:
Jeffersonia diphylla   FAMILY Berberidaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Twinleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_jedi_001_lvd

        

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_j_diphylla_twinl

March    Walker County    GA

Solitary flowers on leafless stems last only a day or so in March or April, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

JK Marlow    jkm090404_177

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

JK Marlow    jkm090404_185

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

JK Marlow    jkm090404_189

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Tim Spira    tpsjdiphylla

April        

Leaves basal, on stalks 6" tall (taller after flowering), per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Tim Spira    tpsjdiphylla2

April        

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Zen Sutherland    zen27197846_f5320fdfc6

July    Buncombe County    NC

Botanical Gardens at Asheville

Somewhat suggestive of Sanguinaria in both foliage and flower, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Zen Sutherland    zen27197847_ac7d258e32

July    Buncombe County    NC

Botanical Gardens at Asheville

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

JK Marlow    jkm150827_922

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjdiphylla_cherokfm2

Month Unknown    Knox County    TN

Fruit erect, the upper part making a lid hinged at the back, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjdiphylla_cherokfm3

Month Unknown    Knox County    TN

The two leaf blades are entire or toothed, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Jeffersonia diphylla

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjdiphylla_cherokfm9

Month Unknown    Knox County    TN

Each leaf deeply cleft into 2 leaflets, not unlike bird or butterfly wings, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.