Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


777

Tree
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in a wide variety of forests, pastures, old fields, roadsides, & fencerows, primarily upland, occurring most abundantly on circumneutral soils (including shrink-swelled clays), derived from mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Leaves of mature shoots scale-like, paired; those of juvenile shoots whorled

"FLOWER":
Winter/Spring

FRUIT:
Fall
Bluish-black
Berry-like cone

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Gymnosperms (non-flowering plants): Conifers: Cupressales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY Cupressaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY Cupressaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 018-03-002:
Juniperus virginiana   FAMILY Cupressaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Red Cedar


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0502a_19

February    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_j_virginiana_2

February        

Crown usually dense and conical, widening with age but rarely flattening, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Gill Newberry    gn03_j_virginiana_male

March        

Pollen cones about 1/8" long, terminal, numerous, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm0403p_23

March    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Most abundant on circumneutral soils from mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjvirginiana_and

March    Anderson County    SC

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Gill Newberry    gn05_j_virginiana_branch_

May        

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Gill Newberry    gn05_j_virginiana_seeds

May        

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm160512_002

May    Greenville County    SC

The durable red wood used for posts, railroad ties, cedar chests and pencils, per Trees Worth Knowing by Julia Ellen Rogers (1924).

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Sam Pratt    sbp_1698

May    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

The cedar phase of the Apple Cedar Rust parasite, Gymnosporangium spp., in May

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    s060617_j

June    Greenville County    SC

Leaves on juvenile shoots sharply tipped and subulate, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_juniperus_virginiana

July        

Bark is shreddy, fibrous, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm131020_943

October    Spartanburg County    SC

Over-winter phase of Apple Cedar Rust parasite, Gymnosporangium spp., in October

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Gill Newberry    gn11_j_v_female_old

November        

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Gill Newberry    gn11_jv_bark_2

November        

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm151227_055

December    Pickens County    SC

Leaves appressed and scalelike (acicular) on mature twigs, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

JK Marlow    jkm151227_866

December    Pickens County    SC

image of Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjvirginiana_farb

Month Unknown    Lancaster County    SC

Forty Acre Rock

Mature seed cones ~ 1/4", berry-like, greenish-blue with whitish coating, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE conifers (not including Pines)