Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


793

Forb
Winter annual

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in lawns, fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, pastures, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Purplish
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower two-lobed
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lamium purpureum   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lamium purpureum var. purpureum   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-19-002:
Lamium purpureum   FAMILY Lamiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Purple Deadnettle, Red Deadnettle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lamium purpureum

Gill Newberry    gn03_l_purpureum_inf_2

March        

Corolla 2-lipped: upper hoodlike, lower with 2 lateral lobes, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lamium purpureum

JK Marlow    jkm0403k_02

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Lamium purpureum

Keith Bradley    kab_lamium_purpureum_1905

March    Polk County    NC

image of Lamium purpureum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_purpureum_1

March        AL-GA

Pinhoti Trail

image of Lamium purpureum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_purpureum_1b

March        AL-GA

Pinhoti Trail

Leaves heart-shaped with coarse rounded teeth, petioled, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Lamium purpureum

Tim Spira    tpslpurpurea80

March        

image of Lamium purpureum

Gill Newberry    gn04_l_purpureum_habitat

April        

Whorls of flowers subtended by petioled, reflexed leaves, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lamium purpureum

JK Marlow    jkm0304o_11

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Lamium purpureum

JK Marlow    jkm0404b_27b

April    Haywood County    NC

Roadside

Leaves concentrated on upper stem where they are strongly tinged with purple, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Lamium purpureum

JK Marlow    jkm0404c_14

April    Haywood County    NC

Roadside

image of Lamium purpureum

Keith Bradley    kab_l_purpureum_73365

May        NC

Pisgah National Forest