Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


802

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in NC Mountains, rare elsewhere

Look for it - locally abundant but very restricted in wet (spodosol) pinelands of outer Coastal Plain (in Brunswick & Carteret Counties, NC), locally common in relatively dry sandhills in a few locations in the Sandhills, disjunct in Piedmont on a few quartzite monadnocks, fairly common in the mountains on rock outcrops at high to moderate elevations (on a wide variety of rock types), per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade ...Wet ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate or opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
5 sepals
5 petals
10 stamens, about as long as the petals
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Kalmia buxifolia   FAMILY Ericaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Leiophyllum buxifolium   FAMILY Ericaceae

GREATER THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 145-07-001:
Leiophyllum buxifolium var. buxifolium   FAMILY Ericaceae

GREATER THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas
Leiophyllum buxifolium var. prostratum

 

COMMON NAME:
Sand-myrtle, Mountain Myrtle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Kalmia buxifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_debu2_001_lvd

        

image of Kalmia buxifolia

Keith Bradley    kab_kalmia_buxifolia_0626

February    Lexington County    SC

Peachtree Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Kalmia buxifolia

John B. Nelson    jbn_441264980_7bee32c0b9

March        

The 1/4" wide flowers have 5 spreading petals and 10 protruding stamens, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Kalmia buxifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060521_162

May    Macon County    NC

Highlands Biological Station

Leaves stipitate-glandular or glabrous, entire or with a few obscure teeth, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Kalmia buxifolia

JK Marlow    jkm070518_019

May    Avery County    NC

Grandfather Mountain

image of Kalmia buxifolia

JK Marlow    jkm070519_024

May    Avery County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Kalmia buxifolia

Ron Lance    rwl_lbuxifolium

May    Avery County    NC

Grandfather Mountain

image of Kalmia buxifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0407m_05

July    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Kalmia buxifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0407v_22

July    Mitchell County    NC

The Roan Highlands

Leiophyllum buxifolium var. prostratum?

image of Kalmia buxifolia

Keith Bradley    kab_kalmia_buxifolia_8400

November    Lexington County    SC

Peachtree Rock Heritage Preserve