Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


863

Shrub
Perennial

Non-native: China
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in forests, woodlands, old house sites, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC Native Plant Society
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

partial shade

LEAVES:
Tardily deciduous
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
White/Yellowish
5-lobed calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla (four-lobed upper lip, one-lobed lower lip)
5 stamens
Inferior ovary
Flowers in peduncled pairs in leaf axils

FRUIT:
Spring
Orange/Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lonicera fragrantissima   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lonicera fragrantissima   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 174-02-003:
Lonicera fragrantissima   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweet-breath-of-spring, Winter Honeysuckle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_092

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_095

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_097

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_098

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_100

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_104

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stigma capitate [head-like], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm160130_106

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves elliptic to broad-ovate, 1-3" long, 2/3x to almost as wide, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

Roxanna Martin    rlm12812_103

January    Spartanburg County    SC

Five stamens, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

Roxanna Martin    rlm12812_106

January    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers paired, subtended by 2 linear bracts; calyx lobes essentially obsolete, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_l_fragrantissima

February        

Flowers are paired and their ovaries are united half their length, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    s050227_u

February    Richland County    SC

Roadside

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm110316_013

March    Greenville County    SC

Wide-spreading shrub with a tangled mass of slender recurving branches, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm110316_019

March    Greenville County    SC

Bark often flaking, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm110316_020c

March    Greenville County    SC

Flowers relatively small, 2-lipped, creamy white tinged pink or red, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Lonicera fragrantissima

JK Marlow    jkm151230_073

December    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Holds foliage very late into fall and, in southern states, into winter, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.