Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


893

Tree
Perennial
Dioecious
Has translucent to milky-white latex (milky sap not always evident in winter)

Native: west of the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common, naturalized from extensive planting

Look for it in fields, hedgerows, forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
4 calyx lobes or sepals
4 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Fall
Multiple of nutlets

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Maclura pomifera   FAMILY Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Maclura pomifera   FAMILY Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 057-03-001:
Maclura pomifera   FAMILY Moraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Toxylon pomiferum

 

COMMON NAME:
Osage-orange, Hedge-apple, Bow-wood


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Maclura pomifera

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_mapo_003_lhd

        

image of Maclura pomifera

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_mapo_004_lvd

        

image of Maclura pomifera

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_topo2_001_lvd

        

image of Maclura pomifera

JK Marlow    s050316_en

March    Rutherford County    NC

Leaf scars alternate; terminal bud lacking; spines or spur shoots present

image of Maclura pomifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_pomifera_z

May        

The wrinkled, yellowish-green, grapefruit-sized fruits are unmistakable, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Maclura pomifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_pomifera_9_18_05_2

September        

The wood is extremely heavy, fine-grained, famous for making bows, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Maclura pomifera

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_pomifera_9_18_05_7

September        

image of Maclura pomifera

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmpomifera_aiken

Month Unknown    Aiken County    SC

image of Maclura pomifera

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmpomifera_aiken1

Month Unknown    Aiken County    SC

Fruit large & spherical, a multiple of drupelets encased by a fleshy calyx, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Maclura pomifera

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmpomifera_aiken74

Month Unknown    Aiken County    SC

Leaf tips acuminate, bases rounded, margins entire, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.