Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may enjoy reading South Carolina's Native Magnolias by Richard B. Figlar.
You may also want to check Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina
Learn more about Magnolia from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 3 (1997)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 080-02-002:
Magnolia grandiflora FAMILY Magnoliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm0402d_18
February Greenville County SC
Buds have brown hairs, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).
JK Marlow jkm0306b_10
June Greenville County SC
Flowers 7-8" across on stout hairy stalks, very fragrant, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).
Paul Thompson pstmagnolia_grandiflora
Note brown pubescence on young twigs, buds, petioles, and leaf undersides. — Clemson Extension
COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species
Gill Newberry gn10_m_grandiflora_fruit
Seeds bright red, each suspended from follicle by a slender elastic thread, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).
COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles
JK Marlow jkm131003_833
October Greenville County SC
Fruit a pubescent, cone-like aggregate of follicles, rosy red at maturity, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).
Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 3
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: maritime forests, mesic Coastal Plain bluffs and flats, bottomlands, now also widely naturalized, spreading from cultivation into wet to mesic (and even dry) forests, per Weakley's Flora
Native to the Coastal Plain of the Carolinas & Georgia, and the GA Piedmont
Common in Coastal Plain of GA & SC, uncommon in Carolina Piedmont, rare elsewhere
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
Aggregate of follicles
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Wasowski & Wasowski, 1994, 2020) p036
- Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee (Hunter, 2002) p298
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 1st ed. (Porcher & Rayner, 2001) p352
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC, 2nd ed. (McMillan, Porcher, Rayner, & White; 2022) p500
- Identifying Trees: An All-Season Guide to Eastern North America (Williams, 2007) p252
- Landscaping with Native Trees (Sternberg & Wilson, 1995) p150
- Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007) p237
- Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988) p106
- Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry (Porcher, 1995) p089
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition (Justice, Bell, & Lindsey, 2005) p084
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p32
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p206
- Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region (Sorrie, 2011) p167
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".