Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


897

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont, rare in NC)

Look for it in maritime forests, mesic Coastal Plain bluffs & flats, bottomlands, now also widely naturalized, spreading from cultivation into wet to mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Creamy-white
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6-12 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Fall
Seeds red
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Magnolia grandiflora   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia grandiflora   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 080-02-002:
Magnolia grandiflora   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Magnolia grandiflora

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_magr4_005_lhd

        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Keith Bradley    kab_m_grandiflora_3603

January    Hampton County    SC

Lake Warren State Park

image of Magnolia grandiflora

JK Marlow    jkm0402d_18

February    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Buds have brown hairs, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Ben Geer Keys    bgk897_a

May-June?    Greenville County    SC

image of Magnolia grandiflora

JK Marlow    jkm0306b_09

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Magnolia grandiflora

JK Marlow    jkm0306b_10

June    Greenville County    SC

Flowers 7-8" across on stout hairy stalks, very fragrant, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Keith Bradley    kab_m_grandiflora_70

June    Polk County    NC

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Keith Bradley    kab_m_grandiflora_77877

June    Polk County    NC

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_grandiflora_2

June        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_grandiflora_3

June        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Gill Newberry    gn09_m_grandiflora_flower

September        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Gill Newberry    gn09_m_grandiflora_young_

September        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_magnolia_grandiflora

September        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Paul Thompson    pstmagnolia_grandiflora

September?        

Note brown pubescence on young twigs, buds, petioles, and leaf undersides. — Clemson Extension


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Gill Newberry    gn10_m_grandiflora_fruit

October        

Seeds bright red, each suspended from follicle by a slender elastic thread, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Gill Newberry    gn10_m_grandiflora_young2

October        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

JK Marlow    jkm131003_833

October    Greenville County    SC

Fruit a pubescent, cone-like aggregate of follicles, rosy red at maturity, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia grandiflora

JK Marlow    jkm131003_841

October    Greenville County    SC

image of Magnolia grandiflora

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_grand_cnc_1

November        

image of Magnolia grandiflora

JK Marlow    jkm0212c_23

December    Greenville County    SC