Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may enjoy reading South Carolina's Native Magnolias by Richard B. Figlar.
You may also want to check Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina
Learn more about Magnolia from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
Sweetbay, Sweetbay Magnolia, Swampbay
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm110417_028
April Cleburne County AL
Sweetbay Magnolia on the left, Bayberry on the right
JK Marlow jkm110417_948
April Cleburne County AL
Blades thin, leathery, narrowing toward both ends, silvery pubescent below, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.
Gill Newberry gn05_m_virginiana_flower
The creamy white, fragrant bloom is about 3-6" across. Spring, early summer, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.
Patrick D. McMillan pdmmvirginiana_fruitcp3
July Barnwell County SC
Fruit a cone-like aggregate of dark red, ellipsoid follicles, about 2" long, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.
COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles
Will Stuart wil_9473216572_e9e55b2ea9
August Chesterfield County SC
Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge
JK Marlow s060909_de
September Greenville County SC
SC Native Plant Society Plant Sale
Leaves whitened below, 4-6" long, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.
COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species
Paul Thompson pstmagnolia_virginiana
Leaf undersides are glaucous. Stipule scars encircle twigs. — Clemson Extension
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC
Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)
Look for it in pocosins, bay forests, & swamps in Coastal Plain, streamhead pocosins, swamps, & sandhill seeps in the Sandhills, bogs & peaty swamps in Piedmont (& Mountains, in the case of var. australis), per Weakley's Flora
Evergreen or Semi-evergreen
Aggregate of follicles
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Gardening with Native Plants of the South p046
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC p308
- Landscaping with Native Trees p152
- Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants p035
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast p060
- Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide p241
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide p396
- Trees of the Southeastern United States p106
- Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry p117
- Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition p070
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition p084
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge p32
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide p206
- Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region p167