Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


901

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Look for it in pocosins, bay forests, & swamps in Coastal Plain, streamhead pocosins, swamps, & sandhill seeps in the Sandhills, bogs & peaty swamps in Piedmont (& Mountains, in the case of var. australis), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Evergreen or Semi-evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
6-12 petals
Numerous stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Magnoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Magnolia virginiana +   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Magnolia virginiana   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 080-02-001:
Magnolia virginiana   FAMILY Magnoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweetbay, Sweetbay Magnolia, Swampbay


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Magnolia virginiana +

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mavi2_001_lvd

        

image of Magnolia virginiana +

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_mavi2_010_lvd

        

image of Magnolia virginiana +

JK Marlow    jkm110417_028

April    Cleburne County    AL

Mount Cheaha

Sweetbay Magnolia on the left, Bayberry on the right

image of Magnolia virginiana +

JK Marlow    jkm110417_948

April    Cleburne County    AL

Mount Cheaha

Blades thin, leathery, narrowing toward both ends, silvery pubescent below, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Keith Bradley    kab_m_virginiana_0384

April    Richland County    SC

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Gill Newberry    gn05_m_virginiana_flower

May        

The creamy white, fragrant bloom is about 3-6" across. Spring, early summer, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Gill Newberry    gn05_magnolia_virginiana

May        

image of Magnolia virginiana +

JK Marlow    jkm0505t_37

May    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Magnolia virginiana +

JK Marlow    jkm0505u_01

May    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Magnolia virginiana +

JK Marlow    jkm0505u_22

May    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmvirginiana_fb1

May        

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Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmvirginiana_steed

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmvirginiana_fruitcp3

July    Barnwell County    SC

Fruit a cone-like aggregate of dark red, ellipsoid follicles, about 2" long, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of follicles

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Will Stuart    wil_9473216572_e9e55b2ea9

August    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Magnolia virginiana +

JK Marlow    s060909_de

September    Greenville County    SC

SC Native Plant Society Plant Sale

Leaves whitened below, 4-6" long, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Magnolia species

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Paul Thompson    pstmagnolia_virginiana

September?        

Leaf undersides are glaucous. Stipule scars encircle twigs. — Clemson Extension

image of Magnolia virginiana +

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmm_virginiana

Month Unknown