Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


922

Forb
Annual

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed campanulate calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Blackish
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Medicago lupulina   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Medicago lupulina   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-16-003:
Medicago lupulina   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Black Medick, Yellow Trefoil


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Medicago lupulina

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_melu_001_lvd

        

image of Medicago lupulina

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_melu_007_lvd

        

image of Medicago lupulina

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_m_lupulina_9164

March    Catawba County    NC

Dark green taprooted annual with a spreading, prostrate growth habit, per Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses.

image of Medicago lupulina

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_m_lupulina_0228

May    Iredell County    NC

image of Medicago lupulina

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_m_lupulina_0231

May    Iredell County    NC

Flowers in small heads, in a sprawling plant that resembles the Hop Clovers, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Medicago lupulina

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_m_lupulina_0231b

May    Iredell County    NC

Flowers fall off soon after blooming, revealing curved legumes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Medicago lupulina

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_m_lupulina_0231c

May    Iredell County    NC

Leaflets obovate to elliptic, toothed near (& with a small spur at) the tip, per Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound