Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


925

Forb
Biennial

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
White
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Dark brown/ Blackish
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Melilotus albus   FAMILY Fabaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Melilotus officinalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-15-003:
Melilotus alba   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
White Sweetclover, White Melilot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Melilotus albus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_meal12_001_lvd

        

image of Melilotus albus

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_meal12_008_lvd

        

image of Melilotus albus

Keith Bradley    kab_melilotus_albus_72781

February    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Melilotus albus

Roxanna Martin    rlm53010_675

May    Spartanburg County    SC

M. albus & officinalis are apparently incompatible should not be synonymized, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Melilotus albus

Roxanna Martin    rlm53010_679

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    jkm0506k_01

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    jkm060607_015

June    Greenville County    SC

Field

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    jkm140623_188

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Flowers white, pea-like, 0.25" long, borne in narrow loose racemes, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    jkm140623_188b

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Calyx lobes deltoid to subulate, 0.5-1mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Melilotus albus

Roxanna Martin    rlm61210_98

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Melilotus albus

Roxanna Martin    rlm6410_313

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Melilotus albus

Roxanna Martin    rlm6410_314

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    s050625_d

June    Union County    

Leaves stalked and trifoliate with lance-shaped leaflets 0.4-1" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    s050625_d1

June    Union County    

image of Melilotus albus

JK Marlow    jkm0507d_34

July    Fayette County    WV

Roadside